How will big bang theorists deal with the latest news?First there was the Great Wall. Then there was the Sloan Great Wall, and a supercluster system dubbed Laniakea. “But the newly spotted BOSS Great Wall, with a total mass perhaps 10,000 times as great as the Milky Way, is two-thirds bigger again than either of them,” New Scientist reports today about a billion-light-year galactic “wall” that may be the largest object observed in the cosmos so far.Galaxy superclusters also have competition for the “biggest known object” crown. Some distant light sources like quasars or gamma ray bursts seem to be clustered together in certain regions of the sky. If they are truly connected, they belong to structures so large that current cosmological theories can’t explain them.To be fair, the classification is subjective. Some astronomers think the material in the structures are not physically linked. If nothing else, though, they illustrate the lumpiness problem in cosmology. The universe is not a smooth sea of particles as theory would predict. Instead, “On the grandest scales, the universe resembles a cosmic web of matter surrounding empty voids – and these walls are the thickest threads.”Far OutPeering deep into space, a new “cosmic distance record” was set by the Hubble Space Telescope, reports the BBC News. A galaxy with redshift z=11.1 has been observed. It’s called GN-z11. Its high redshift would put its origin 13.4 billion years before the present in standard cosmology, a mere 400 million years after the big bang. The very first stars might become observable. “They are probably another 200 million light-years beyond even GN-z11.”Dr Oesch and colleagues say GN-z11 is one-25th the size of the Milky Way with just 1% of our galaxy’s mass in stars.“The surprising thing is how bright it is (for what it represents), and it’s growing really fast, producing stars at a much faster rate,” said the Yale astronomer.“So, it’s challenging some of our models, but it’s showing galaxy build-up was well under way early on in the Universe, and it’s a great preview for [the] James Webb [Space Telescope], which will be pushing even deeper to see the progenitors of this galaxy.”The James Webb Telescope may be able to see redshifts between 15 and 30, indicating objects only 100 to 250 million years after the big bang. Science Daily explains where GN-z11 needs to fit in current theory:“The previous record-holder was seen in the middle of the epoch when starlight from primordial galaxies was beginning to heat and lift a fog of cold, hydrogen gas,” explains co-author Rychard Bouwens from the University of Leiden, the Netherlands. “This transitional period is known as the reionisation era. GN-z11 is observed 150 million years earlier, near the very beginning of this transition in the evolution of the Universe.”A galaxy of stars this mature so close to the beginning of the universe was not predicted by big bangers, Space.com says:However, the discovery also raises many new questions as the existence of such a bright and large galaxy is not predicted by theory. “It’s amazing that a galaxy so massive existed only 200 million to 300 million years after the very first stars started to form. It takes really fast growth, producing stars at a huge rate, to have formed a galaxy that is a billion solar masses so soon,” explains Garth Illingworth of the University of California, Santa Cruz.Marijn Franx, a member of the team from the University of Leiden highlights: “The discovery of GN-z11 was a great surprise to us, as our earlier work had suggested that such bright galaxies should not exist so early in the Universe.” His colleague Ivo Labbe adds: “The discovery of GN-z11 showed us that our knowledge about the early Universe is still very restricted. How GN-z11 was created remains somewhat of a mystery for now. Probably we are seeing the first generations of stars forming around black holes.”If this trend continues, the James Webb telescope may push theory to the breaking point after it launches in 2018.A piece on PhysOrg states, “The early universe consisted almost entirely of hydrogen atoms, but at some point – probably about 500 million years after the Big Bang – the first stars formed.” Something is dreadfully wrong here. One cannot have a galaxy turning up 100 million years earlier than the first stars. Maybe the new physics theory announced by PhysOrg will rewrite the textbooks. Readers may wish to see why a Caltech astronomer found something “frustrating, but interesting” about the first galaxies. “For a while we were convinced that we were missing something important,” he said on PhysOrg, but then he and his colleagues were “shocked” when theory matched his prediction. It must be a rare occurrence.Other cosmologists, like those on Science Daily, will continue to speak glibly about the leading theory that posits “a region of space the size of a single proton vastly expanded to form the beginnings of our universe” in a fraction of a second. Somehow, the article says, the universe learned how to make French onion soup from that sudden explosive beginning.Let’s recap. The big bangers did not predict this galaxy or the BOSS Great Wall. They were amazed. It was a great surprise. The GN-z11 galaxy should not exist, but it does. The big bangers admit that their knowledge about the early Universe is still very restricted, after decades of research. Such objects are a mystery to them. Their cosmological theories cannot explain them. And yet they get to keep their jobs? Sounds like government workers. (Visited 102 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Clint Doliguez led the steamrolling with 12 points, 10 coming in the first quarter to set the tone for the beatdown.Calvin Oftana chipped in 12 points and had six boards and Radge Tongco got nine to make up for the absence of Robert Bolick, who had to be subbed out after suffering a minor knee injury early in the tussle.San Beda will face Ateneo in the other duel in the crossover semifinals.Mark Alcala paced La Salle with 12 points as La Salle, bannered by Team B players, exited the tournament winless.In the other game, University of Visayas gained some sense of pride after an 85-82 victory over Naga College Foundation.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ San Beda, Lyceum early favorites ahead of NCAA Season 93 PLAY LIST 02:12San Beda, Lyceum early favorites ahead of NCAA Season 9300:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Balkman, Brownlee lead Alab past CLS Knights for 7th straight win LA SALLE 35 — Alcala 12, Yang 8, Cu 7, Souka 5, Lapena 3, Dominguez 0, Yongco 0, Tan 0, Angeles 0, De Robles 0, Calleja 0.Quarters: 18-7, 42-18, 62-29, 79-35.Third Game:LYCEUM 69 — Perez 19, Nzeusseu 19, Jc. Marcelino 15, Ayaay 4, Jv. Marcelino 3, Santos 3, Tansingco 2, Ibanes 2, Serrano 2, Caduyac 0, Cinco 0.ATENEO 65 — Wong 10, Black 9, Ravena 7, Maagdemberg 6, White 5, Ma. Nieto 5, Navarro 5, Mi. Nieto 4, Verano 3, Mamuyac 3, Mallillin 2, Go 2, Andrade 1, Tio 0, Asistio 0.Quarters: 16-20, 34-36, 49-52, 69-65. 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting View comments Mike Nzeusseu finished off an and-one play with 1:54 remaining to tilt the favor to the Pirates’ side before CJ Perez cashed in on his freebies to make it, 65-62, with 19 seconds to go.The Cameroonian Nzeusseu delivered a double-double of 19 points and 21 rebounds, while Perez got 19 markers, five boards, and four steals. Jaycee Marcelino added 15.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutAdrian Wong was the lone bright spot for Ateneo with 10 points.Meanwhile, the Red Lions hardly broke a sweat as they destroyed the winless Green Archers with a 79-35 humiliation. AFP official booed out of forum NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding LATEST STORIES Rey Suerte dropped 30 points, but more importantly, dished the go-ahead assist to Michael Maestre with 14.4 seconds to spare as the Green Lancers completed their comeback from 13 points down.Liberian Bassieru Sakor unloaded a double-double with his 13 markers and 13 rebounds to give the Cesafi champion its lone win in the tournament.Jaymar Allarey carried the Tigers with 16 points in the loss.The scores:First Game:UV 85 — Suerte 30, Sakor 13, Delator 8, Segumlan 8, Maestre 6, Gahi 5, Cabahug 5, Balabag 3, Soliva 1, Hassan 0, Albina 0, Butohan 0.NCF 82 — Allarey 16, Ojoula 13, Margallo 10, Lapinid 10, Hermonio 8, Magpantay 6, Lawas 6, Olayvar 3 Mangubat 3, Padua 0.Quarters: 17-26, 30-43, 59-59, 85-82.Second Game:SAN BEDA 79 — Doliguez 12, Oftana 12, Tongco 9, Tankoua 8, Noah 8, Cariño 6, Ejercito 5, Cabanag 4, Penuela 4, Bahio 4, Mocon 3, Abuda 2, Adamos 2, Bolick 0, Presbitero 0. Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netLyceum outsteadied Ateneo down the stretch while San Beda romped La Salle as the two NCAA topped their respective groups in the Philippine Collegiate Champions League Elite Eight Sunday at the Ynares Sports Arena.The Pirates eked out a 69-65 win to sweep their group at 3-0 and draw San Sebastian in the crossover semifinals.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Read Next
Kings XI Punjab on Wednesday appointed former Australian ODI specialist Michael Bevan as the coach for the upcoming IPL season IV.40-year-old Bevan, inarguably one of the best finishers in limited overs during the 90’s represented Australia in 232 ODIs with a staggering average close to 54 and 6912 runs with six centuries and 46 fifties. He also played 18 Tests but he was always known for his ability to bail Australia out of trouble on numerous occasions.He has been part of the victorious World Cup winning Australian side on two occasions having played in three World Cup finals — 1996, 1999 and 2003.Incidentally, Bevan was also a part of the rebel Indian Cricket League where he represented Chennai Superstars.Expectedly, Bevan seemed ecstatic about his new role.”I have been following IPL since season-I, and now thanks to my new role as coach of Kings XI Punjab, I am part of this enthralling cricket tournament. I love this game and I am quite excited to coach a team that is driven by the same passion,” he was quoted as saying in a media release issued by the franchise.”The immediate focus of course is on getting the right pool of talent in the upcoming auctions in Bangalore. Post that, my boys and I promise to deliver some great cricketing moments this season of IPL.”The promoters of the franchise on their part said, “We are thrilled to have Bevan as our coach for the upcoming season. His rich experience, vast expertise and sheer commitment to the game will guide the team to perform and enhance their skills.”advertisementThe COO of KXIP Col. Arvinder, said: “We are delighted to be associated with a reliable and a complete cricketer like Bevan. We look forward to his association and welcome him to our KXIP family. His contribution to the team will be an added advantage for the players and help them deliver their best both on and off the field.”- With PTI inputs
I was at a pavement cafe on Karl Johans Gate, described fittingly as the Champs-Elysees of the North, flipping through the pages of Edvard Munch in Oslo. I stopped at a drawing of this elegant high street by Norway’s best known painter–not the least because his famous Scream has been stolen enough times to embarrass Norwegian security. Munch had captured Karl Johans circa 1880 in a series of lithographs. And here I was, gawking at the passing parade along the same street, preserved with care, to remain much as Munch must have seen it.It was an enjoyable way to spend an icy April morning. And as I sat there, the occasional snowflake floated into my glass of Ringnes beer. I had arrived a few days before, expecting to feel spring in the air, but landing instead into the Christmas card snowscape that was Oslo’s Gardemoen airport. However, this efficient little airport is well-prepared for the worst weather, employing huge machines and smart technology to de-ice airplane wings even in deepest winter. Not surprisingly, it was voted the most punctual European airport of 2010.The fetching capital of Norway is snowbound for much of the year, but that’s no reason not to get out and enjoy its myriad attractions. The outdoorsy Norwegians say, ‘There’s no such thing as bad weather, only bad clothing.’ So slip into the right gear and you’re good to go around Oslo, a city compact enough to explore on foot for the most part. Strolling along Karl Johans Gate in the heart of the city is a must-do. There’s the Norwegian parliament at one end–and it’s not unusual to see a minister or two cycling in the vicinity. A far cry from our ministerial entourages, I thought, whenever such a dignitary was pointed out to me. At the other end, crowning a slope is the royal palace. All along are cafes, bars and the legendary Grand Hotel, from whose balcony the Nobel Peace Prize winners greet the crowd. There’s also a Freia boutique, which will please even the most sophisticated chocolate fiend. Norway’s chocolate, though less known than its Belgian counterpart, is world class. They say the two things that Norwegians miss most when they travel abroad is their chocolate and the sweet water from the glaciers that is available on tap. Drink it, and you’ll understand the fuss.A short walk from Karl Johans is Aker Brygge, a fjord-front development and another example of the Norwegian flair for preserving their heritage while giving it a modern purpose. Here, a pile of old warehouses has been turned into a trendy hub of restaurants, bars and shops. Among the string of restaurants, which includes everything from steakhouses to TGIF, is D/S Louise–a restaurant with a nautical theme, which is one of Oslo’s best places for tucking into a large bowl of Moules Marinieres (mussels cooked in white wine). At the water’s edge is an old ship that has been turned into a bar and restaurant. And I can’t think of a better way to spend a Oslo evening than to sit here, sip bellinis, admire the imposing medieval Akershus fortress across the water and watch the boats glide by.It’s a perfect way to round off a day of sightseeing. And there’s plenty to see. To begin with, Oslo is a city with a diverse array of museums. The picturesque Bygdoy peninsula is where you’ll find the Viking Ship Museum, showcasing the country’s glorious seafaring past, and the Kon-Tiki museum. Here, marvel at how the intrepid voyager Thor Heyerdahl crossed the oceans in so seemingly fragile a craft. The Folk Museum, arranged in a wooded expanse, gives you a glimpse into the history of Norway’s indigenous people such as the Sami from Lapland.While you may pick and choose between the museums, nearly all visitors to Oslo go to Vigeland Park, the vast, green space housing the impressive, frequently shocking, works of Gustav Vigeland. Amid the trees, flowerbeds and fountains are set the sculptor’s nude figures, entwined, twisted and contorted in the most fascinating shapes.Life in Oslo is defined by its unique location, bound as it is by a fjord on one side and steep, wooded slopes on the other. The fjord allows for all manner of water sport and activities, including a bouquet of fun boat rides. If romance is your thing, take a sunset cruise and dine aboard on the Norwegian speciality of prawns and mayonnaise paired with a crisp white wine.The woods and steep climbs offer another clutch of things to do. A short drive from the city centre is Holmenkollen, venue of the World Ski Championship. It affords superlative views of the city and if you, like me, are no adventure sport enthusiast, you can still experience the thrills of a ski jump in a simulator.In fact, its proximity to pristine nature is one of Oslo’s charms, and few other capital cities are blessed in this manner. You realise how close when you see signs for ‘Elk Crossing’ only a short while after leaving the city centre. Hit the suburbs and you could find yourself trekking in quiet woods and picking berries in summer. The fleeting summer is when this city shows off its best side. Every park is filled with picnickers and Aker Brygge bristles with revellers, listening to buskers, drinking and eating at the seafood stalls set up at the water’s edge.The city’s superlative food is bound to impress the gourmet. The bread is as good as in any Parisian bakery, the butter, sweet. You will eat well everywhere in Oslo, whether in its Michelin-starred restaurants–expensive, but not more so than many of our five-star places–or the many stylish eateries and casual cafÅs. Chefs turn out delightful dishes, drawing out the best of seasonal ingredients–spring lamb, to salt-baked trout, smoked pheasant and venison with wild mushrooms. And if you’re game enough, try the traditional pickled herrings, reindeer meat and elk sausage.Summer is also when you can have the unusual experience of setting out for a night of clubbing while the sun is still bright and emerging at 3 a.m. or thereabouts, again into bright daylight. This is the land of the midnight sun, remember? The nightlife caters to every taste–from funky places in the various ethnic quarters where you can also dine on Turkish and Moroccan food, to gay and lesbian bars, and uber chic spots downtown. Don’t shy away from getting a taste of the nightlife even if you are travelling solo. Norwegians are friendly, even more when they’ve had a few drinks. They are almost always polite and cordial. In fact, the only things that seem to irk them are honking on the roads and fumbling in a supermarket checkout queue! Their equanimity must have something to do with the fact that Oslo is repeatedly rated one of the world’s most liveable cities. And even the most jaded, been there-done that traveller is bound to come under the spell of this easy-going city. At a glanceadvertisementadvertisementGetting there: Air France, Lufthansa and KLM fly from major Indian cities to Paris, Frankfurt and Amsterdam respectively. There are connections to Oslo from all three.Fare: Rs. 45,000 approxWhen to go: June, July, August are the brightest months but Oslo is also worth experiencing in autumn and winter.Must doStayLuxury: At the upper end of the scale is the Radisson Blu Plaza, starting from Rs. 15,000 approx; www.radissonblu.comAffordable: Centrally located, the Perminalen Hotel offers good prices for families. Their four-bedded rooms cost around Rs. 3,000 a night. www.perminalen.comadvertisementEat: At Michelin-starred restaurants such as Bagatelle (www.bagatelle.no) if you wish to splurge. But the seafood and meat is good everywhere.Shop: For woollens and souvenirs from Norway Designs, a delightful gallery-cum-shop in the heart of Oslo; www.norwaydesigns.noSee: The ya Music Festival is the high point in Oslo’s cultural year. The dates for 2011 are August 9 to 13; www.oyafestivalen.comFYISound of Music: There is no dearth of music in the Norwegian capital. Grenerlikka, the district where the renowned Munch museum is located, is where experimental jazz concerts are held at open spaces almost every weekend. For live music as a whole, Grenerlikk also boasts some good pubs and cafes, but the hub is located back along Mllergata (the road linking the district with the city centre) and the parallel Torggata Road leading towards the large Rockefeller Complex.Hot DealWeekend offer: Book online for 2 night/ 3 day weekend stay at Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel and save more than 20%. Rates start at Euro 299. www.radissonblu.com
SHANGHAI — Nick Kyrgios is toeing the line on the tennis court these days, and he knows it.The emotional Australian was placed on probation by the ATP Tour for derogatory comments he made to Stan Wawrinka during a match in August and warned he would face a 28-day suspension if he totaled more than $5,000 in fines before February.Three days into the Shanghai Masters, he’s already been fined $1,500 for an “audible obscenity” and received a code violation for unsportsmanlike conduct for smacking a ball toward a line judge in frustration.Kyrgios said after his loss to Kei Nishikori on Oct. 13 that he’s trying to keep his emotions in check, but he’s not thinking about the looming suspension. “Not concerned at all,” Kyrgios said. “If it happens, it happens.”It could happen soon if he has more outbursts like he’s had this week. The $1,500 fine stemmed from an incident in his first-round win over Andreas Haider-Maurer on Oct. 12 when he screamed an obscenity about the condition of the court.Then, against Nishikori, Kyrgios lashed out at chair umpire Mohamed Lahyani after receiving a code violation for hitting the ball toward the baseline after a missed serve, causing the line judge to bend to avoid being hit.“I’m getting a code violation for hitting the ball hard?” Kyrgios asked. “I didn’t even hit anyone and it’s unsportsmanlike. The ref was not even close to it.”“Yes, he had to jump away,” Lahyani responded.“What can you do these days?” Kyrgios asked.The violation came at a critical time with the Australian serving at 4-5 in the second set. He dropped his serve at love, losing the set. He went on to lose the match, too, 1-6, 6-4, 6-4.Afterward, a much calmer Kyrgios said he didn’t think he behaved that badly.“I didn’t hit the ball in anger. I just hit it,” he said. “Obviously it was pretty close to the line umpire. It wasn’t out of rage or anything.”Kyrgios has been under scrutiny since he made comments to Wawrinka in Montreal about his friend, fellow Australian tennis player Thanasi Kokkinakis, having slept with Wawrinka’s girlfriend.After an investigation, the ATP said it would impose a fine of $25,000 and a 28-day suspension from tour events if Kyrgios incurred any fines for “verbal or physical abuse” or received up to $5,000 in fines for other offenses before the end of February.The Australian will now have to wait to see if his latest code violation results in another fine. “I probably shouldn’t have done it. But I didn’t think it was too bad,” Kyrgios said. “I don’t know, can’t really change it now.”(JUSTIN BERGMAN)TweetPinShare0 Shares
Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley at the 21st GST Council meeting in Hyderabad on Sept 9, 2017. Also seen Union MoS Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla, Revenue Secretary Hasmukh Adhia and Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian.IANSWith less than 15 days before the Union Budget 2018 is presented, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council plans to cut rates on as many as 70 items in its next meeting, reported Business Standard.It is also learnt that the council can amend rules to simplify filing of GST returns and also plug some existing loopholes in the system.”Around 40-50 services will be taken up for a rate revision in the council meeting. These are services that were earlier exempt but were taxed under the GST regime. They are facing issues,” a government official told the business daily.After the implementation of GST, the Union Finance Ministry has no discretionary capacity to bring in changes in indirect taxes; GST council has been given the exclusive authority in terms of indirect taxes.The official further said the council is likely to prune the rates for agriculture implements — a move to boost agricultural sector, which is reeling under pressure.Earlier this week, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said the agriculture sector would be given the top priority by the government in Union Budget 2018.”Among the priority areas, the agriculture sector is on top. Ensuring the benefits reaches the agri-sector and growth is visible — this is among the priority areas for us,” Jaitley said.The meeting is scheduled for Thursday, January 18. This is the last council meeting before the finance minister presents the Union Budget on February 1.”Agriculture implements that are currently taxed up to 18 percent may come under the 12-percent or the 5-percent bracket,” the official said.He added that the council may bring in some change in tax rates of bio-diesel buses. Currently, bio-diesel buses attract the highest slab of GST, i.e. 28 percent, which may be revised downward.On the services front, job works may be allowed as part of the composition scheme, which will imply a flat rate of tax and easier compliance, reported BS.”Currently, only a few services such as housekeeping, carpentry, etc., are subject to 18 percent GST, if provided through an e-commerce platform, without the benefit of the threshold limit of Rs 20 lakh. We are expecting the rate to be reduced to 5 percent in such cases. Many job work services could also come under lower rate,” the business daily quoted Pratik Jain, partner, PwC India, as saying.
Location of Burkina Faso. Photo: Google MapAt least nine civilians have been killed in twin attacks in eastern Burkina Faso, a poor West African country where jihadists have been gaining ground in recent months, local authorities said Saturday.“Two terror attacks were carried out in the villages of Diabiga and Kompienbiga” overnight Friday in eastern Kompienga province, the regional governor said in an earlier statement.An unnamed security source told AFP that one of the attacks had targeted the home of a Islamic religious leader and other Muslims.“Five people including the leader were killed,” he said, adding that three others were injured on the attack on the house which is next to a mosque.One of the injured later succumbed to their wounds.Meanwhile, “three people belonging to the same family were killed and another two injured by suspected jihadists on mopeds,” according to another security source.Since 2015, Burkina Faso has battled increased Islamist violence of the sort that plagues neighbouring Mali and Niger, and experts say the recent surge is likely the result of pressure on jihadist insurgents there.The capital Ouagadougou has been hit by three attacks over the past two years leaving a total of 60 people dead.Last week Burkinabe president Roch Marc Christian Kabore promised new security measures “to eradicate the scourge of terrorism”.