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OSHA offers guide to stockpiling masks, respirators

first_img The draft guidance describes the capabilities and limitations of each type of protection and lists a range of respirator options, including pros and cons for each type. For example, OSHA advises employers who plan on supplying employees with respiratory protection throughout a pandemic to consider reusable respirators. Ideally, employees’ exposure risk should be estimated as part of a workplace pandemic flu plan, OHSA recommends. Employers also should estimate the number of employees who fall into each risk level. The proposed guidance lists stockpiling estimates for individual employees in a range of medium- to high-risk jobs, listing numbers of masks or respirators by work shift and a theoretical pandemic duration (about 120 work days). For example, a retail-store employee might need two masks per shift and 240 for the duration of a pandemic, whereas a nurse in an outpatient clinic might need four N95 respirators per shift and 480 to cover the whole pandemic. The proposed stockpiling recommendations use the same four-level workplace risk pyramid that appears in the broader pandemic planning recommendations. For example, healthcare employees who perform aerosol-generating procedures would be classified as having a “very high” risk, while an office employee who has little contact with the public would fall into the “lower exposure” risk category. (OSHA does not recommend masks and respirators for lower-exposure work environments.) OSHA includes rough cost estimates for each type of equipment, which range from up to 20 cents per mask to as much as $1,200 for a powered air-purifying respirator. For healthcare workers who have a very high exposure risk, OSHA recommends that in setting stockpiling goals, employers consider the number of daily aerosol-generating procedures each employee might assist with. In February 2007, the DOL and the Department of Health and Human Services issued guidance on preparing workplaces for an influenza pandemic. The DOL, in its report yesterday, said it would publish a final version of its stockpiling guidance as an appendix to the earlier recommendations. Request for comments instructions and link Receiving a pandemic vaccine would not modify an employee’s need for a mask or respirator. Community mitigation efforts would reduce illness rates in communities to about 15%. Finally, OSHA advises healthcare employers to factor masks for patients with flu-like illnesses into stockpiling plans to contain the virus and protect employees. The document, issued by the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA), offers tips on estimating the needed quantity and resulting costs of the equipment on the basis of employees’ exposure risks. The DOL said it is seeking public comment on the proposed guidance. Instructions for submitting comments appeared in the Federal Register on May 9; the deadline is July 8, 2008. May 14, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The US Department of Labor (DOL) yesterday released proposed guidance on stockpiling respirators and facemasks in the workplace, which encourages employers to stockpile the items because of the likelihood that they will run short during an influenza pandemic. The equipment will be used only during local pandemic waves and during work tasks that might expose employees to people who might be ill. Surgical face masks protect wearers from hazards such as splashes of large droplets of blood or bodily fluids and also trap large respiratory droplets expelled by the wearer, the OSHA document notes. They are inexpensive and typically fit fairly loosely. In contrast, respirators are thicker masks that are designed to fit tightly to the face and block small airborne particles. They must be specially fitted for the wearer. Recognizing that uncertainty about the pandemic severity is a challenge for pandemic planners, OSHA recommends using a few assumptions to ease the setting of stockpiling goals: OSHA’s proposed guidance on workplace stockpiling of respirators and facemasks See also: Feb 8, 2007, CIDRAP News story “New OSHA guidance targets pandemic flu”last_img read more

Football News Klopp wary of Allianz Arena return with Liverpool

first_imgBayern will be without the suspended Thomas Mueller, but James Rodriguez will slot seamlessly into the attacking midfield role. Like Klopp, the Colombian expects a red-hot atmosphere having proved his form with a stunning goal at the weekend.”The fans will get right behind us and drive us on so that we feel good and give our all,” Rodriguez told Bayern’s website.”We will have to put in the perfect match in order to go through.”Liverpool has quick players, who feel good when they get a lot of room, but I think we have every chance to go through.” German bookmakers agree and have made Bayern the slight favorites. The tie needs no added spice, but Jerome Boateng and Mats Hummels are still smarting after Germany coach Joachim Loew told them, along with Mueller, that their international careers are over. The center-backs will have a point to prove against Liverpool.At the other end, the Reds’ Dutch defender Virgil van Dijk will have to subdue Rodriguez and Bayern’s record-breaking striker Robert Lewandowski. The Poland hot-shot became the Bundesliga’s top-scoring foreigner on Saturday when he extended his tally to 197 goals. So eager is Bayern head coach Niko Kovac to protect his forward that Lewandowski trained on his own on Monday as heavy snow fell in Munich.”You need to be smart and more than 100 percent ready for anything,” Van Dijk told UEFA.com on countering the threat of Lewandowski, who scored eight goals in the group stages.”If he’s trying to run at you, trying to get past you, you need to be ready for that as well.”You don’t need to give any opportunities to those strikers because they will punish you and they will score.”  Jurgen Klopp brings Liverpool to Germany to resume their battle against Bayern Munich.The five-time winners last failed to get through the last 16 stages in 2011.Bayern will be without the suspended Thomas Mueller.  For all the Latest Sports News News, Football News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. Munich: Jurgen Klopp brings Liverpool to Germany to resume their battle against Bayern Munich with the hosts billing Wednesday’s Champions League last 16 return leg as an all or nothing showdown. After a goalless draw at Anfield in the first leg three weeks ago, everything is to play for at Munich’s Allianz Arena. Klopp knows what awaits his Reds in the highly-charged arena where Bayern tend to raise their game and away teams face a barricade of whistles whenever they touch the ball.”The four goals are all well and good,” said Klopp after Liverpool’s 4-2 win on Sunday at Burnley, with Roberto Firmino and Sadio Mane both scoring twice. “But what does that have to do with Munich? It will not be so easy to score four goals there as well.” The 51-year-old has a modest record of nine wins, five draws and 16 defeats in 30 games against the Bavarians — as coach of either Liverpool or former clubs Mainz and Dortmund — dating back to 2004.However, in his seven seasons with Dortmund, between 2008 and 2015, Klopp managed an impressive four wins, plus a draw and four defeats, from nine games in Munich. He tasted victory on his last visit to the Allianz Arena in April 2015 when Dortmund beat Bayern on penalties in the semi-final of the German Cup. Klopp knows that his team must walk tall at Bayern’s home.”It’s a much more positive moment for Bayern. They are top of the table and winning games comfortably again,” Klopp told Liverpool’s website.Bayern has hit form, winning their last three games with a goal ratio of 12-1 since the first-leg draw.”But if we are at our best, we can be exceptional.” Liverpool fans hope Reds’ striker Mo Salah has a red-letter day in Munich after just one goal in his last eight games. His lack of goals has not stopped Liverpool staying in contention for the Premier League title as Mane and Firmino have filled the breach. The Liverpool match is seen as a season-defining tie for the German champions.The five-time winners last failed to get through the last 16 stages in 2011 and confidence is high after they moved into top spot in the Bundesliga at the weekend for the first time since September.”It’s a very important game – everything is riding on this,” said sporting director Hasan Salihamidzic.”The boys have put some more self-confidence in the tank,” he added after Saturday’s 6-0 mauling of Wolfsburg. highlightslast_img read more