– Winifred Haywood re-elected as NA MayorNew Councillors were on Wednesday installed in two of the three municipalities in Region Six (East Berbice-Corentyne).The town of Rose Hall has both a new Mayor and Deputy Mayor, while New Amsterdam has a new Deputy Mayor, after Winifred Haywood was re-elected Mayor. The new Mayor of Rose Hall is Chattregoon Ramnauth and Deonauth Harrynarine is the Deputy Mayor.Newly elected Rose Hall Mayor, Chattregoon Ramnauth (seated centre) with members of the new CouncilThe new Mayor of Rose Hall says high on list of priorities will be to ensure the town has an improved garbage collection system. “The garbage collection system has to be more effective,” he said. Ramnauth also said the Council will not be increasing property taxes under his tenure as Mayor.However, several streets will be rehabilitated along with the drains.The Mayor-elect said a plan to ensure that residents pay their property taxes at the existing rates is in the making, with a campaign to be launched in January next year. He said financial statements of the Council’s accounts will be printed and placed at prominent locations as from next year.The 69-year-old Mayor-elect further stated that he is looking forward to the cooperation and support of all Councillors.The full Council is Mayor Ramnauth; Deputy Mayor Harrynarine; Arthur Fraser, Roydel Lewis, Elvis Punch, Vedwatie Ramnarine, Arjune Sammy, Rakhram Srikishen, David Fraser, Winston Hole, Boybert Bisram, Gaitree Sheonarine, Igram Rodney, Dave Budhu and Sandra Chisholm.Meanwhile, lead Councillor for the A Partnership for National Unity (APNU), Winston Hope congratulated the new Mayor and Deputy Mayor.Hope said the APNU side of the house is there to work together for the development of the town. He said they will support any programme which they think will benefit residents of the township.Meanwhile, in New Amsterdam, Winifred Haywood was re-elected Mayor, while the town has a new Deputy Mayor in Wainright McIntouch.APNU has 10 seats on the Council; the People’s Progressive Party, three; and the Alliance For Change (AFC), one.The full Council is Pullian Shultz, Buster Wright, Sheenta Lambert, Quacy Isaacs, Zabarally Armogan, Olga Stephens, Patrica Lynch, Winifred Haywood, Esan Vanderstoop, Keith Myers, Wainright McIntouch, Nalini Tahal and Kirk Fraser.Mayor Haywood said it is her hope that the new Councillors will serve faithfully.
The Guyana Fire Service (GFS) has recorded over 700 fires already for the year, but this number is a reduction when compared to the statistics of that same period for 2018.Students experiencing the rescue truckThis was revealed by Divisional Officer of Operations for the GFS, Gregory Wickham during the Fire Prevention Week activities at D’Urban Park on Friday.“To date, we would have seen a deduction in the number of fires. We have, for this year so far, 700 plus fires. Last year, we would have gone over that by about 150 so indeed, there is a reduction,” Wickham informed.Divisional Officer of Operations, Gregory WickhamSpeaking on the types of incidents they would have analysed so far, residential fires topped the list, followed by grass fires. During the dry season, careless dumping of lighted materials, such as cigarette ends, would have contributed to these events.“We had a whole lot of those fires which were residential and then coming in the second position would have been grass fires or what we call rubbish fires. When the place was very hot, for some reasons, persons were carelessly disposing of lighted cigarette ends which would have lent to these grass fires,” he conveyed.For Fire Prevention Week 2019, D’Urban Park was transformed into an informal learning setting, where stakeholders were educated about the dynamics of fires and the functions of the fire service.Fire tenders and scores of firefighters were present at the site, ready to give advice. On display were a wide selection of tools and safety gears which are used by the GFS. While some stakeholders were surprised by the degree of effort it takes to carry out these operations, some were thrilled at the experience.According to the Divisional Officer, these activities help to lower the alarming figures.“It would help us in our stats first, and then when we get the understanding, we do open opportunities for persons to do investigative work so that we’d be able to put in place systems to prevent reoccurrences of those types of fires.”Members of the public and school-aged persons were briefed on practices which they should avoid on a daily basis.“Participating in those events, you learn a whole lot on firefighting and fire prevention. The purpose of this fair is to capture a wider cross-section of persons, our students especially and members of the community,” Wickham insisted.Last April, the “dry spell” experienced during that time had resulted in approximately 48 bush fires within the township of Linden, Region 10 (Upper Demerara-Berbice) community. The fire department had issued warnings to members of the community to desist from lighting bush fires.
2 August 2005Two 190-million-year-old dinosaur embryos from a group of seven eggs have been identified as the oldest dinosaur embryos yet found. Discovered in South Africa, they are also the oldest known embryos for any terrestrial vertebrate – and the oldest evidence that dinosaurs were caring parents.The embryos are of an Early Jurassic prosauropod dinosaur, according to Dr Mike Raath of the Wits Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research (BPI). Raath is one of five authors who describe the embryos in the 29 July 2005 isssue of leading international journal Science.“The embryos belong to the early sauropodomorph dinosaur Massospondylus carinatus,” he says. “These skeletons are quite common in South Africa and range in size from small juveniles to full adults, up to about five metres in length. This identification is a major coup, because embryos are often difficult to identify to species.”The late Professor James Kitching of the BPI discovered the cluster of eggs and their the embryos at the Golden Gate Highlands National Park in the northeastern Free State in 1977.These are the oldest known dinosaur embryos. Two were exposed in the group of seven eggs. One of them is almost complete, and appears to be trapped in the act of hatching.The embryos are the oldest known for any terrestrial vertebrate, and so the oldest embryos in an amniote egg known from anywhere in the world.Since their discovery the eggs sat on a shelf in Wits University’s fossil store, awaiting someone with the necessary skill to prepare the fossil eggs for detailed study. The tiny embryonic bones are extremely delicate, and intricately curled up in the eggs.“In January 2000, Professor Robert Reisz of the University of Toronto at Mississauga in Canada was on a research visit to South Africa, and borrowed the fossil eggs to take back to Canada,” says Raath. “There Diane Scott of his lab carried out the detailed and difficult preparation under high magnification using a special microscope and achieved spectacular results.”Robert Reisz (left) with James Kitching, who discovered the fossilised dinosaur embryos in 1977 (Photo: Wits University)The growing dinosaurThe embryos provide significant insights into the growth and development of this early dinosaur. Raath explains that this discovery allowed the team to reconstruct in detail the growth trajectory of Massospondylus, from pre-hatchling to full adult – a first for any dinosaur.Reisz, the project leader, points out that adults and juveniles of other types of dinosaur are known, but they are usually either recovered from bone beds, where the skeletons are broken up, disarticulated and scattered, or the rare articulated skeletons are not sufficient to reflect a growth series.The growth trajectory of Massospondylus shows that this dinosaur started out as an awkward-looking little quadruped with had a relatively short tail, a horizontally held neck, long forelimbs and a huge head.As the animal grew, the neck grew faster than the rest of the body, but the forelimb and head grew much more slowly than the rest of the body, so the body proportions changed dramatically as the animal grew.Weird-looking animalThis means that Massospondylus changed from a tiny quadruped into a weird-looking large animal with a long neck (still held horizontally), a thick, massive tail, a very small head, short forelimbs, and long hind limbs.The result is an adult animal very different from the embryo, and probably at least partly bipedal. In other cases where embryos and adults are known, as in the hadrosaurs or duck-billed dinosaurs, such dramatic changes in body proportions are not shown.The embryos also provide clues about the origin of the quadrupedal gait of the giant sauropods (the brontosaurs) of later times, which are descendants of the prosauropods.The embryo of Massospondylus looks like a tiny sauropod with massive limbs walking on all fours. This means the quadrupedal gait of sauropods may have evolved through paedomorphosis – the retention of embryonic and juvenile features in the adult.“Some people think that humans too are products of paedomorphosis,” says Raath.Caring parentsThe absence of well-developed teeth in the two preserved embryos, which were clearly on the point of hatching, and the overall awkward body proportions suggest that the hatchlings required parental care of some kind for some time after emerging from the egg.If this interpretation is correct, it constitutes the oldest known indication of parental care in the fossil record.The embryos are about 190-million years old, from the Early Jurassic Period. Most other known dinosaur embryos are at least 100-million years younger, from the Cretaceous period of 80- to 65-million years ago.The five co-authers of the Science paper are Professor Robert Reisz, Diane Scott, David Evans, Dr Hans-Dieter Sues, and Dr Mike Raath.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Despite numerous challenges for most of 2018, sales of U.S. pork abroad remained relatively steady compared with 2017. For the year, U.S. pork and pork variety meat exports totaled 5.37 billion pounds, unchanged from 2017, and were valued at $6.392 billion, which was down 1% from 2017.“Without a doubt, 2018 was a difficult year for U.S. pork exports,” said Bill Luckey, chair of the Pork Checkoff International Marketing committee. “Market-access challenges were the main reason.”Pork exports accounted for 25.7% of total 2018 U.S. pork and pork variety meat production. Export value per head averaged $51.37, down 3.9% from 2017.Despite market access challenges for many markets, 2018 export growth was strong in a few countries, including tremendous growth in South Korea and Colombia. Pork and pork variety meat exports to Korea were up 40% in volume and 41% in value, while exports to Colombia were up 39% in volume and 32% in value.“With projections for increased pork production this year, the Pork Checkoff is committed to strengthening its partnership with its international customers,” Luckey said. “The National Pork Board increased Checkoff funding by 12.7% over 2018 to increase exports around the globe. In fact, since 2014, the Checkoff has increased international marketing funding by more than 30%.”During 2018, more than 100 countries imported U.S. pork.The top five U.S. pork export markets in total pounds were: Mexico (1.71 billion pounds), Japan (869 million pounds), China/Hong Kong (775 million pounds), South Korea (534 million pounds) and Canada (453 million pounds).The top five U.S. pork export markets in total value were: Japan ($1.62 billion), Mexico ($1.31 billion), China/Hong Kong ($851 million), Canada ($764 million) and South Korea ($670 million).
Kings XI Punjab on Wednesday appointed former Australian ODI specialist Michael Bevan as the coach for the upcoming IPL season IV.40-year-old Bevan, inarguably one of the best finishers in limited overs during the 90’s represented Australia in 232 ODIs with a staggering average close to 54 and 6912 runs with six centuries and 46 fifties. He also played 18 Tests but he was always known for his ability to bail Australia out of trouble on numerous occasions.He has been part of the victorious World Cup winning Australian side on two occasions having played in three World Cup finals — 1996, 1999 and 2003.Incidentally, Bevan was also a part of the rebel Indian Cricket League where he represented Chennai Superstars.Expectedly, Bevan seemed ecstatic about his new role.”I have been following IPL since season-I, and now thanks to my new role as coach of Kings XI Punjab, I am part of this enthralling cricket tournament. I love this game and I am quite excited to coach a team that is driven by the same passion,” he was quoted as saying in a media release issued by the franchise.”The immediate focus of course is on getting the right pool of talent in the upcoming auctions in Bangalore. Post that, my boys and I promise to deliver some great cricketing moments this season of IPL.”The promoters of the franchise on their part said, “We are thrilled to have Bevan as our coach for the upcoming season. His rich experience, vast expertise and sheer commitment to the game will guide the team to perform and enhance their skills.”advertisementThe COO of KXIP Col. Arvinder, said: “We are delighted to be associated with a reliable and a complete cricketer like Bevan. We look forward to his association and welcome him to our KXIP family. His contribution to the team will be an added advantage for the players and help them deliver their best both on and off the field.”- With PTI inputs
DefinitionLeg or foot amputation is the removal of a leg, foot or toes from the body. These body parts are called extremities. Amputations are done either by surgery or they occur by accident or trauma to the body.Alternative NamesAmputation – foot; Amputation – leg; Trans-metatarsal amputation; Below knee amputation; BK amputation; Above knee amputation; AK amputation; Trans-femoral amputation; Trans-tibial amputationWhy the Procedure Is PerformedReasons for having an amputation of a lower limb are:Severe trauma to the limb caused by an accidentPoor blood flow to the limbInfections that do not go away or become worse and cannot be controlled or healedTumors of the lower limbSevere burns or severe frostbiteWounds that do not healRisksRisksof any surgery are:Blood clots in the legs that may travel to the lungsBreathing problemsBleedingRisksof this surgery are:A feeling that the limb is still there. This is called phantom sensation. Sometimes this feeling can be painful. This is called phantom pain.The joint closest to the part that is amputated loses its range of motion, making it hard to move. This is called joint contracture.Infection of the skin or bone.The amputation wound does not heal properly.Before the ProcedureWhen your amputation is planned, you will be asked to do certain things to prepare for it. Tell your doctor or nurse:What medicines you are taking, evenmedicines, supplements,or herbs you bought without a prescriptionIf you have been drinking a lot of alcoholDuring the days before your surgery, you may be asked to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen (such as Advil or Motrin), warfarin (Coumadin), and any other medicines that make it hard for your blood to clot.advertisementAsk your doctor which medicines you should still take on the day of your surgery. If you smoke, stop.If you have diabetes, follow your diet and take your medicines as usual until the day of surgery.On the day of the surgery, you will likelybe asked not to drink or eat anything for 8- 12 hours before your surgery.Takeany medicinesyour doctor told you to take with a small sip of water. If you have diabetes, follow the directions your doctor gave you.Prepare your home before surgery:Plan for what help you willneed when you come home from the hospital.Arrange fora family member, friend, or neighborto help you. Or ask your doctor or nurse for help planning fora home health aidto come into your home.Ensure thatyour bathroom and the rest of your house are safe for you to move around in. For example, remove tripping hazards such as throw rugs.Ensure that you will be able to get in and out of your home safely.After the ProcedureThe end of your leg (residual limb) will have a dressing and bandage that will remain on for 3 or more days. You may have pain for the first few days. You will be able to take pain medicine as you need them.You may have a tube that drains fluid from the wound. This will be taken out after a few days.Before leaving the hospital, you will begin learning how to:Use a wheelchair or a walkerStretch your muscles to make them strongerStrengthen your arms and legsBegin walking with a walking aid and parallel barsStart moving around the bed and into the chair in your hospital roomKeep your joints mobileSit or lay in different positions to keep your joints from becoming stiffControl swelling in the area around your amputationProperly put weight on your residual limb. You will be told how much weight to put on your residual limb. You may not be allowed to put weight on yourresidual limbuntilit is fully healed.Fitting for prosthesis, a manmade part to replace your limb, may occur when your wound is mostly healed and the surrounding area is no longer tender to the touch.Outlook (Prognosis)Your recovery and ability to function afterthe amputation depend on many things. Some of these are the reason for the amputation, whether you have diabetes or poor blood flow, and your age. Most persons can still be active following amputation.ReferencesGittler M. Lower limb amputations. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, Rizzo, Jr. TD. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2008:chap 109.Heck RK. General principles of amputations. In: Canale ST, Beatty JH, eds. Campbells Operative Orthopaedics. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2007:chap 9.Review Date:11/15/2012Reviewed By:C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.advertisement
The Globe reports that SNC-Lavalin repeatedly lobbied Justin Trudeau’s aides for a deal and Trudeau’s office leaned on Wilson-Raybould to make it happen.No such agreement was ever reached and Wilson-Raybould was moved to be minister of veterans affairs in a January cabinet shuffle.Meantime, Trudeau is denying the serious claims being levelled in the report.“At no time did I or my office direct the current or previous attorney general to make any particular decision in this matter,” he told reporters on Thursday.The Prime Minister repeats that the allegations in the Globe article are false. Says neither he, nor anyone in his office directed the Attorney General on this case. Was asked if there was any pressure or influence, as opposed to direction. Repeats his answer #cdnpoli— Cormac Mac Sweeney (@cmaconthehill) February 7, 2019Conservatives respondCalling the reports “disturbing”, Opposition leader Andrew Scheer says the prime minister needs to come clean immediately, and believes Trudeau’s answers today fall short of him doing so.“What’s perhaps even more shocking, however, is that the prime minister himself appears to have fired his own attorney general for refusing to bow to his demands,” Scheer said. “We’ve seen this elsewhere on the world stage when leaders dismiss their attorneys general for defying their orders.”Scheer adds “nothing short of full disclosure” will be accepted. When asked whether Scheer believes Trudeau’s claims that the allegations are false, the federal Conservative leader said “it obviously sounded like those words were written by a lawyer, not the prime minister’s own words.”Scheer says it sounds like Trudeau’s careful answer today was written by a lawyer #cdnpoli— Cormac Mac Sweeney (@cmaconthehill) February 7, 2019Scheer says his party will explore every option if Trudeau “continues to fail to be transparent with Canadians.”Former judge suggests criminal investigation may be warrantedIt hasn’t taken long for someone to suggest a criminal investigation needs to be done if these reports are true.A former judge who now teaches law at UBC — Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond — says, if nothing else, an investigation would restore public confidence in the justice ministry in the wake of the shocking report.“Minister Wilson-Raybould, not only is she an extremely competent individual, she was Canada’s first Indigenous attorney general, and I was concerned when she was moved from that position that there was something of a whisper campaign out of the centre of government that she was not competent or she was not a team player.”Turpel-Lafond believes Wilson-Raybould is a person of principle, which is why she’s expecting police to get involved.“Even just to restore public confidence. But I’m just very proud of her as a British Columbian, standing up for the values that are very important in our society which is doing the right thing and making sure the legal process, courts, and prosecutions do their job and keeping your nose out of them so that they can be protected to do their job.”Meantime, SNC-Lavalin says it has no comment on the reports.SNC Lavelin’s response to the allegations of pressure from the PMO on their case: “We have no comment on today’s Globe and Mail article” #cdnpoli— Cormac Mac Sweeney (@cmaconthehill) February 7, 2019 OTTAWA — The Globe and Mail says former justice minister Jody Wilson-Raybould disappointed the Prime Minister’s Office by refusing to help SNC-Lavalin avoid a criminal prosecution.The Quebec engineering and construction giant has been facing legal trouble over allegations it paid millions of dollars in bribes to get government business in Libya, which would be a crime under Canadian law.As justice minister, Wilson-Raybould could have gotten involved in the case against the company by directing federal prosecutors to negotiate a “remediation agreement,” a way of undoing damage without admitting the company itself was at fault for things particular employees did.