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OSHA offers guide to stockpiling masks, respirators

first_img The draft guidance describes the capabilities and limitations of each type of protection and lists a range of respirator options, including pros and cons for each type. For example, OSHA advises employers who plan on supplying employees with respiratory protection throughout a pandemic to consider reusable respirators. Ideally, employees’ exposure risk should be estimated as part of a workplace pandemic flu plan, OHSA recommends. Employers also should estimate the number of employees who fall into each risk level. The proposed guidance lists stockpiling estimates for individual employees in a range of medium- to high-risk jobs, listing numbers of masks or respirators by work shift and a theoretical pandemic duration (about 120 work days). For example, a retail-store employee might need two masks per shift and 240 for the duration of a pandemic, whereas a nurse in an outpatient clinic might need four N95 respirators per shift and 480 to cover the whole pandemic. The proposed stockpiling recommendations use the same four-level workplace risk pyramid that appears in the broader pandemic planning recommendations. For example, healthcare employees who perform aerosol-generating procedures would be classified as having a “very high” risk, while an office employee who has little contact with the public would fall into the “lower exposure” risk category. (OSHA does not recommend masks and respirators for lower-exposure work environments.) OSHA includes rough cost estimates for each type of equipment, which range from up to 20 cents per mask to as much as $1,200 for a powered air-purifying respirator. For healthcare workers who have a very high exposure risk, OSHA recommends that in setting stockpiling goals, employers consider the number of daily aerosol-generating procedures each employee might assist with. In February 2007, the DOL and the Department of Health and Human Services issued guidance on preparing workplaces for an influenza pandemic. The DOL, in its report yesterday, said it would publish a final version of its stockpiling guidance as an appendix to the earlier recommendations. Request for comments instructions and link Receiving a pandemic vaccine would not modify an employee’s need for a mask or respirator. Community mitigation efforts would reduce illness rates in communities to about 15%. Finally, OSHA advises healthcare employers to factor masks for patients with flu-like illnesses into stockpiling plans to contain the virus and protect employees. The document, issued by the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA), offers tips on estimating the needed quantity and resulting costs of the equipment on the basis of employees’ exposure risks. The DOL said it is seeking public comment on the proposed guidance. Instructions for submitting comments appeared in the Federal Register on May 9; the deadline is July 8, 2008. May 14, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The US Department of Labor (DOL) yesterday released proposed guidance on stockpiling respirators and facemasks in the workplace, which encourages employers to stockpile the items because of the likelihood that they will run short during an influenza pandemic. The equipment will be used only during local pandemic waves and during work tasks that might expose employees to people who might be ill. Surgical face masks protect wearers from hazards such as splashes of large droplets of blood or bodily fluids and also trap large respiratory droplets expelled by the wearer, the OSHA document notes. They are inexpensive and typically fit fairly loosely. In contrast, respirators are thicker masks that are designed to fit tightly to the face and block small airborne particles. They must be specially fitted for the wearer. Recognizing that uncertainty about the pandemic severity is a challenge for pandemic planners, OSHA recommends using a few assumptions to ease the setting of stockpiling goals: OSHA’s proposed guidance on workplace stockpiling of respirators and facemasks See also: Feb 8, 2007, CIDRAP News story “New OSHA guidance targets pandemic flu”last_img read more

Planning

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Joshua spars with two fighters for rematch

first_imgRelatedPostsNo Content Available Anthony Joshua is sparring with two fighters in his training camp to replicate the strengths of Andy Ruiz Jr ahead of the rematch.Anthony Joshua lost his IBF, WBO and WBA world heavyweight titles to Andy Ruiz Jr in New York in June and the British boxer is now preparing to take on the Mexican-American in a rematch on December 7.Ruiz produced one of the biggest shocks in the history of heavyweight boxing when he knocked down Joshua four times during the fight, before stopping the Brit in the seventh round.The Mexican-American’s speed and punch volume overwhelmed Joshua and as part of his preparations for the rematch, the Brit has brought in two fighters to replicate the strengths of Ruiz during his training sessions.As reported by talkSPORT, Joshua has recruited the help of Timothy Moten.The American is currently undefeated with two KOs from his five wins.And Joshua’s camp hopes he will benefit from sparring with the short and stocky boxing style the American has.They have also brought in Albon Pervizaj, who they hope can replicate the devastating hand speed Ruiz displayed at Madison Square Gardens.Pervizaj, who is 12-0, with nine KOs, is a young German heavyweight and Joshua hopes he can use the sparring with the two fighters to help him create a better plan come fight night.Joshua is now undertaking a 12-week long training camp to focus on preparing himself for the career-defining bout against Ruiz.The rematch will take place in Saudi Arabia in December in a purpose-built venue.The Diriyah Arena, which will be a three-sided venue, is expected to have a capacity of 15,000.And Joshua has admitted he will also be changing his approach for the fight and will no longer be trying to stay relaxed before a bout.“I need to start taking this approach to my fights where I’m a bit more lively,” said Joshua. “I know I’m capable of it.“There is too much at stake. If I go in there where I’m switched on, a time like the Ruiz fight where I am so relaxed, that might be the difference.”While Ruiz has declared he will be going into the clash looking to end Joshua’s career.“I took it to AJ in the Big Apple,” said Ruiz. “And I’m looking forward to ending his career in the desert.” Tags: Timothy Motenlast_img read more

Balotelli is ordinary – Taarabt

first_img The accusations came on a day when Inter Milan played down prospects of the striker leaving Liverpool to join them in January. Inter vice-president Javier Zanetti takes a different view to Taarabt – labelling Balotelli “a great player” – but the Italians believe recruiting the 24-year-old during the winter could be unrealistic. A return to the San Siro would see Balotelli reunited with Roberto Mancini, who coached Balotelli at Inter and Manchester City. Mancini, who took the reins at Inter last month for a second spell in charge, revealed after Monday’s 2-0 triumph at Chievo that he was keen to bolster his attack. “In certain roles in attack we are lacking,” Mancini told Gazzetta dello Sport. “The club are aware of this but in January it will not be easy.” Balotelli came through the ranks at Inter before being sold to Manchester City in 2010. He joined Liverpool in a £16million move from AC Milan but as well as lacking form, he has missed a number of games with a groin injury and was recently charged by the Football Association over a controversial posting on Instagram. Balotelli has accepted the charge in relation to making racist and anti-Semitic comments on social media but has offered mitigation for his actions. He posted an image of computer game character Super Mario on Instagram which included the words ”jumps like a black man and grabs coins like a Jew”. Balotelli has struggled since moving to Anfield at the end of the summer transfer window and Inter are keen to strengthen their attacking line. However Zanetti told Sky Italia: “A Balotelli return? We all know Mario is a great player but I think it’s difficult because he only just arrived at Liverpool. “In any case, after our game against Lazio (on December 21) we will hold meetings to see what we can do and what is needed in terms of the (transfer) market.” Balotelli has scored only two goals in his 14 appearances for Liverpool, and QPR playmaker Taarabt, who played with him while on loan at AC Milan last season, does not see the Italy international as a top quality forward. Speaking to Italian TV channel Sky Italia, Taarabt said: “Balotelli? Everyone told me he was amazing and I played with him and I can say he is strong but he didn’t seem to me as though he was world class. “He is an ordinary player, not a phenomenon.” Taarabt added: “He is someone who has a strong shot but he doesn’t play for the team. And if he does, he doesn’t score as is the case right now at Liverpool. “He’s had so many chances, from (Manchester) City to Milan, and he’s thrown them away.” Mario Balotelli has been branded “ordinary” and a player who has repeatedly wasted great career opportunities by former team-mate Adel Taarabt. Press Associationlast_img read more