If the brain evolved, wouldn’t anything the mind does be determined by forces beyond one’s control?Choose to disbelieve in determinism: “Humans are wired for prejudice but that doesn’t have to be the end of the story,” Caitlin Millett writes in The Conversation. A neuroscientist doctoral candidate at Penn State, Millett begins by telling her readers that their brains evolved:Humans are highly social creatures. Our brains have evolved to allow us to survive and thrive in complex social environments. Accordingly, the behaviors and emotions that help us navigate our social sphere are entrenched in networks of neurons within our brains.Yet at the end of her article, she preaches that we need to overcome our evolution by the power of free will:In today’s world people are more connected than ever – from social media to Skype, to the never-ending news cycle – people are exposed to increasing diversity. Due to these advances, we as a global community are also faced with the knowledge that prejudice-based discrimination and violence still exist. It’s become a human imperative to transcend divisive impulses which no longer serve our survival. Neuroscience has started to educate us about innate human drives. It’s now up to all of us how to use this information.This implies that we have an imperative (a command) to fight our evolution, and choose how to use the information that evolutionary neuroscience has revealed. Does it make sense to fight one’s own evolution? How does a being under the power of natural selection transcend one’s impulses?Fight your bias: Conservatives might be glad to finally find one admission that bias applies to both sides of the political aisle, but Science Daily assumes everyone is capable of recognizing their bias and overcoming it. “Demonizing whole groups of people, saying that they are inherently incapable of understanding science, is not only false, it is not an effective communication strategy,” R. Kelly Garrett, a communications professor at Ohio State, said. “Everyone can be biased. Calling people names is not a solution.” This indicates how differently professors in the humanities and the sciences can view the mind, responsibility, and free will.Convince, don’t fight: Along the same lines, Bliuc and McGarty in The Conversation advise global-warming believers (like themselves) not to bash global-warming skeptics. Their headline, “Overcoming the social barriers to climate consensus,” reveals that they support the human-caused global warming position. Yet the authors preach peace. “It can be tempting to think that people who disagree with you are mad, bad or simply stupid,” they say. “However, not only are such judgements usually wrong, but telling people that they are stupid is unlikely to convince them of the merit of your own view.” Their emphasis on social solutions to the political divide presupposes free will.The downside of political coercion: The bitter fruit of treating a populace like robots to be manipulated can be seen in China’s backtracking on their decades-long “one-child policy.” Seeing that they have created a gender imbalance that threatens social unrest and other unintended consequences, they are now attempting to fix it by mandating a “two-child policy.” But it’s generating more unrest, Medical Xpress reports. A whole generation has grown up looking down on parents with more than one child, and seeing them severely punished; can they switch gears so easily? Outsiders are warning the leaders that a two-child policy cannot be forced on Chinese parents. In an op-ed for a leading Communist Party newspaper, Liu Zhun advised, “It is better to carry forward the new policy through encouragement and incentives, which will be more easily accepted by the people.”That last story is tragic, but it illustrates the stark contrast between an evolution-based communist society and a creation-based free society. Communists built their system on Darwinian biology. Accordingly, they treated their people as animals to be manipulated. The document that launched America’s free society rests its propositions on the self-evident truth that we are endowed by our Creator with unalienable rights. Rights imply responsibilities, and responsibilities imply free will. A government that mandates a “one-child policy” runs roughshod over the rights of their people; is anyone surprised when “unintended consequences” follow?John Stossel’s weekly TV program this week focuses on the differences between communism and capitalism. Stossel, a libertarian who believes in evolution, nevertheless argues for freedom on pragmatic grounds; freedom is good because it works. Government coercion brings waste, low quality and suffering. This shows that he really doesn’t believe in evolution; else why create a show trying to convince people to think and use reason?All of these articles presuppose free will. If they didn’t why would a neuroscientist choose to write about the brain and tell readers how they should overcome prejudice? Why would supporters of a political persuasion choose to write about how to convince (not coerce or manipulate) others of the correctness of their views? Why should a communist write an op-ed to encourage leaders to switch from mandates to incentives?These articles show that determinism is self-refuting. We all know our own consciousness. We all know the influences that tempt us, but understand that we have the freedom to choose against temptation and do the right thing.(Visited 19 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Stressed? Depressed? Take a forest bath. Another major study shows that outdoor exposure is good for the body and mind.A meta-study (a study of studies) involving 290 million people in 20 countries has concluded that “Living close to nature and spending time outside has significant and wide-ranging health benefits.” Science Daily announces, “It’s official — spending time outside is good for you.”Researchers at the University of East Anglia found strong confirmation in 140 studies of what is intuitively obvious: we feel better when we can see trees and sky. The benefits go deeper than intuition:A new report published today reveals that exposure to greenspace reduces the risk of type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, premature death, preterm birth, stress, and high blood pressure….‘Green space’ was defined as open, undeveloped land with natural vegetation as well as urban greenspaces, which included urban parks and street greenery.The team analysed how the health of people with little access to green spaces compared to that of people with the highest amounts of exposure.“We found that spending time in, or living close to, natural green spaces is associated with diverse and significant health benefits. It reduces the risk of type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, premature death, and preterm birth, and increases sleep duration.“People living closer to nature also had reduced diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and stress. In fact, one of the really interesting things we found is that exposure to greenspace significantly reduces people’s levels of salivary cortisol — a physiological marker of stress.Considering how much work time is lost due to stress, depression and anxiety, time outside could be just what the doctor ordered. The Japanese, once again, seem to be ahead of the Europeans on this point.“Forest bathing is already really popular as a therapy in Japan — with participants spending time in the forest either sitting or lying down, or just walking around. Our study shows that perhaps they have the right idea!”But what causes the benefits? Is it physical activity? Is it socializing? It’s probably those, and more: it gives helpful bacteria a chance to hitch a ride on you! Those, in turn, get your immune system something to practice on.Meanwhile, exposure to a diverse variety of bacteria present in natural areas may also have benefits for the immune system and reduce inflammation.“Much of the research from Japan suggests that phytoncides — organic compounds with antibacterial properties — released by trees could explain the health-boosting properties of forest bathing.”The findings reinforce the idea that human beings were made for outdoor life. We obviously shouldn’t be outside in pouring rain, or on smoky, smoggy days. But life in front of unnatural computer screens in an office cubicle with processed air can take its toll. Wise managers, healthcare professionals and city planners should take this human need for outdoor exposure into account.The research team hope that their findings will prompt doctors and other healthcare professionals to recommend that patients spend more time in greenspace and natural areas.Twohig-Bennett said: “We hope that this research will inspire people to get outside more and feel the health benefits for themselves. Hopefully our results will encourage policymakers and town planners to invest in the creation, regeneration, and maintenance of parks and greenspaces, particularly in urban residential areas and deprived communities that could benefit the most.“This ought to be one subject both creationists and evolutionists can agree on.Creationists can get a laugh over atheist Carl Sagan’s lapse into worship when he said, “It makes sense for us to revere the trees, for we are their children.” OK, Carl; plant an acorn and see if a baby grows from it. Instead, the Bible teaches that God put our first parents not in a city, but in a garden. The future city of God will have lots of open greenspace: rivers, too:Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb through the middle of the street of the city; also, on either side of the river, the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. This is the real, original created Tree of Life, not Darwin’s fake. Do you see a hint that both Eden and the future New Earth will allow humans to take risks? Why would God make provision for healing with leaves of trees? This suggests that heaven will be adventurous! Don’t think God wants his creatures to be bored, when He outfitted us with all kinds of physical capabilities and minds that soar with high aspirations. The apostle John is watching this vision from a “high mountain,” he says in (21:10). Can’t you envision it festooned with forests and all kinds of living creatures? Who will be first to the top? The gates of the New Jerusalem are open day and night, so we can enjoy all kinds of amazing environments on an unfallen Earth.Our sister site CreationSafaris.com includes many resources to help you get some AWE in your life: Adventure, Worship and Education in the great outdoors! (Visited 295 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The report, released in Johannesburg on Wednesday, compared the NSC certificate with the Cambridge International Examinations and the International Baccalaureate Organisation as well as the Namibian Senior Certificate. “Our findings are that this qualification [NSC] is pitched at the correct level. It has got the necessary requirements of a robust qualification .the learners who pass this certificate can compete favourably with learners from other education systems,” Umalusi CEO Rakometsi Mafu said at the release of the report. Equitable admissions policy Hesa manager Cobus Lotter said the research compared the NSC to the Cambridge International Examinations because it had a footprint in South Africa. Data indicates that it has more than 40 centres in the country and over 150 worldwide. 12 August 2010 Source: BuaNews “The South African public can be reassured that the NSC is a good, solid, robust qualification,” said Burroughs. ‘Good, solid qualification’ She added that one of the recommendations of the report was to highlight the importance of good teacher training “so that we maintain our credibility in the international education landscape”. Based on these findings, Hesa will then formulate an equitable policy that will lead to consistency in admission decisions. Hesa’s criticisms do, however, hint that there is a clear need for well-qualified teachers in South Africa. Liz Burroughs, a senior manager at Umalusi, said the main aim of the study was to establish the continuity of standards between the old and new qualifications. The NSC replaced the Senior Certificate in 2008. Already, South Africa was the eighth most favourable university destination in the world, he said. The report will further assist in determining the minimum requirements for admission to degree, diploma and higher certificate admission status in the country. A new report issued by education quality assuror Umalusi and Higher Education South Africa (Hesa) finds that the National Senior Certificate (NSC) and its curriculum are on par with international standards, and are favourable when compared to other international qualifications.
Related Posts Is Voice Search the Next Big Travel Technology … How Myia Health’s Partnership with Mercy Virtua… Tags:#Curo#Healthcare#Internet of Things#IoT#KORE#Livongo#obamacare#OrganTracker FDA Extends Collaboration on Living Heart Proje… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Alex Brisbourne, CEO, KORE Wireless Group Inc.OrganTracker – safe, secure, and efficient organ deliveryThe issueAccording to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), there are over 100,000 people waiting for an organ transplant in the United States. Some patients wait up to five years to receive an organ donation, and because organs are viable for transplant for only four to 24 hours, it is absolutely critical that donations are transported quickly and safely to their recipients. Any logistical error or miscommunication during this process could not only result in a wasted donation but could also cost patients their lives.The solutionHaving already developed fleet and asset GPS tracking solutions for industries such as construction, insurance, and security; Novipod expanded beyond these traditional applications with a new product – OrganTracker. The OrganTracker solution combines hardware, communications’ technologies, and their software platform to transmit real-time data for organ donations.In addition to high precision GPS location powered by Position Logic, OrganTracker provides intelligence for other key variables in the organ transportation process including temperature, light, shock, humidity, and pressure – all delivered automatically to medical organizations via IoT.Key resultsEfficiently and securely transport organs from the donor to the recipientReduce instances of human error or miscommunicationIncreased success rate for organ transplantsAbility to make better-informed decisions regarding organ transplantsLivongo – simplifying diabetes managementThe issueIn 2012, there were 29.1 million Americans suffering from diabetes, with another 86 million people with an elevated risk of developing the disease. Aside from the potential complications and high costs associated with managing diabetes – the condition weighs a hefty toll on quality of life and creates significant personal implications for those who suffer from it.While automated, IoT-powered solutions have simplified and improved the delivery of care for many chronic diseases – there has unfortunately been little traction made to assist diabetics. Realizing this gap in the consumer medical device industry, Livongo set out as an early-adopter providing digital health solutions for the treatment of a number of illnesses, including diabetes.The solutionThe first of its kind – Livongo has developed a cellular, IoT-enabled connected meter that automatically uploads blood glucose readings to the cloud, making them accessible online by patients, physicians, as well as family and loved ones. Digital record storage eliminates the complexity associated with the traditional log books used by diabetics, simplifying the record-keeping process. In addition, Livongo’s application transforms the raw data into valuable information that can be used to improve patient care and provide personalized tips for managing diabetes effectively.Key resultsDigitally record and track blood glucose readings for easy accessGain real-time, personalized messages to improve diabetes managementAutomatically notify physicians or loved ones when blood glucose readings are out of rangeAbility to make better-informed decisions regarding your readings based on data analysisReal-time support from Certified Diabetes EducatorsThese are just three examples of how IoT technology is transforming healthcare. If you have a similar product or solution and are looking to get to market faster, consider speaking with an experienced cellular IoT provide.This article was produced in partnership with KORE.The author is CEO and KORE Wireless Group Inc. and has over 20 years of experience in the networking and telecommunications industry in companies all over the world, including in Europe, North America, and Asia. He has extensive experience in wireless, enterprise, and fixed-line services, and he sits on the Advisory Boards for a number of technology companies in the U.S. and Canada. In 2015, he served for a year as Chairman of the IoT M2M Council, the largest and fastest-growing IoT and M2M trade group. ReadWrite Sponsors The Internet of Things (IoT) has become known for its cool factor right now. From self-driving cars to smart homes filled with voice activated devices, the innovation of IoT’s connectivity never fails to impress. However, the world of IoT is doing more than making day-to-day tasks and business objectives easier to accomplish – oftentimes much more – such as saving lives.With each day, we’re seeing new IoT applications that are addressing healthcare issues head-on and, quite frankly, we could go on and on and only scratch the surface of the amazing work being done in this space. That said, here are three unique use cases that illustrate how IoT is transforming healthcare delivery.Curo – IoT is enabling seniors’ autonomyThe issueExponential advancements in the healthcare delivery field are directly, and positively, impacting life expectancy and contributing to our aging global population. Although it is true that people are now able to live longer, healthier lives – with old age comes increased probability of falling ill with chronic disease, decreased mobility, and greater risk of medical emergency. Traditionally these conditions would result in long-term hospitalizations or a move to an assisted care facility or nursing home.Today, because of innovative healthtech companies such as Curo, senior care can now be delivered in a more flexible and convenient manner via the KORE IoT cellular network, empowering elderly patients to continue to reside independently in their own homes.The solutionOriginally based in Melbourne, Australia, Curo recognized the need for an “aging in place” solution that would not only facilitate senior autonomy, but also ensure peace of mind to loved ones and enable caregivers to quickly and efficiently intervene in the case of a medical emergency.As a result, Curo has developed a SaaS-based IoT healthcare solution that leverages intelligence derived from sensors placed in a patient’s home to monitor the activity and well-being of older adults. Thousands of data points autonomously transmit information without requiring the older adult to wear any type of device or complete any physical task for the solution to function.Key resultsEnsure timely and necessary home visits for professional caregiversProvide information and peace of mind for family members or loved onesEmpower caregiving companies with access to more information, thus improving quality of careNoninvasive or bothersome to the older adultAllow for earlier and lower cost interventions in case of medical emergency
The bison bull was a long way from where he should have been — on provincial grazing lands in west-central Alberta instead of the rugged backcountry of Banff National Park.“We are considering destruction versus capture of this animal,” Parks Canada wildlife ecologist Jesse Whittington wrote 11 days after the bull, dubbed M05, crossed the park’s eastern boundary.Emails obtained by The Canadian Press under the Access to Information Act detail how Parks Canada staff strived to bring MO5’s summer excursion to a happy conclusion, and how they carefully crafted their message when it did not turn out the way they’d hoped.A Parks Canada program to reintroduce bison to Banff reached a major milestone July 29 when more than 30 animals were released from a paddock into 1,200 square kilometres of Rocky Mountain wilderness. It was the first time in 140 years that bison roamed wild there.About a week later, two bulls — M05 and M19 — ventured out of the park independently.The agency committed to the Alberta government that it would take action if bison wandered too far. Public safety was a factor and there were also concerns about the animals coming into contact with cattle or damaging property.For days, staff were able to track the bulls’ movements using satellite data and signals from their collars.By Aug. 16, M05 was covering an average of 15 kilometres daily and could have reached private ranchland within a day.They tried coaxing it back into the park, but it didn’t work. Moving him was not an option because of a wildfire nearby. Fire crews were using all available large helicopters.Parks staff found M05 in a swamp and shot him. “That was a thankless and difficult job. I appreciate your willingness to do it,” Whittington wrote the two workers who killed the bull.M19 was still outside the park, but his location was not a concern at the time.Karsten Heuer, manager for the Banff Reintroduction Project, told colleagues it was important to get the tone right in a media release.“Minimize repetition and avoid use of government terms like ‘management action’ that make us sound a little cold-hearted.”Once the bull’s death did hit the news, the agency noted “overwhelmingly negative” reaction.“The CBC and CTV Calgary Facebook posts both garnered over 100 comments, over 100 ‘angry’ reactions and over or nearly 100 ‘sad’ reactions,” said a report that included a sampling of comments.“Parks Canada you screwed up royally. You don’t deserve bison roaming free in the park,” one said.Staff at the agency’s national office sent supportive messages to their Banff colleagues.“We just want to sympathize with you on the occasion of what must have been an agonizing decision,” said one note to Heuer.Parks officials were able to capture M19 three days after M05 was killed.He was tranquilized, hoisted away by helicopter and then trucked to Waterton Lakes National Park. He couldn’t return to the Banff herd, lest he wander off again and encourage others to follow.National office was not keen on publicizing a photo of M19 bundled up and suspended under the helicopter. It said it would “prefer having a picture of the bison (happy and healthy) in his new paddock.”“The picture below might be misinterpreted by the public, be shared out of context on social media etc.” In an interview, Bill Hunt, Banff’s resource conservation manager, recalled it being a tough time. That was especially true for those who killed M05 as they had spent 18 months caring for the animals before they were released.“Whether it’s dealing with bears or elk or cougars or wolves or bison, sometimes we have to make these difficult decisions,” Hunt said.The remaining herd — now numbering 34 — has mostly gathered around the spot where it was initially released. One bull seems to like being on his own the next valley over, but he’s still well within the reintroduction zone. A cow and two of her young dipped briefly across the boundary in October, but turned back.“Although it had some very serious challenges, overall we’re having a fantastic outcome here,” Hunt said. “Thirty-four healthy bison maintaining themselves over winter, which was our key concern, right in the heart of Banff.”Lauren Krugel, The Canadian Press
Lebron James declared his support for the re-election of President Barack Obama Monday night, despite being advised beforehand making his vow publicly could be “bad for the brand.”James makes millions of dollars each year off his endorsements, Nike being his biggest endorser. Nike, along with other endorsers, felt that announcing his backing of the President would be a negative reflection to the deals that he has in place.“I’ve been second guessed,” James said after Monday’s 124-99 victory over the Phoenix Suns on the eve of election. “They’re saying it’s bad for the brand. If I feel like I want to support someone, then go for it.”James signed a seven-year, $93 million contract with Nike in May 2003. In March 2010 the brand signed him to an extension for an undisclosed amount.James has made it known that he is not afraid to take a stand as an athlete.“I just think it’s about knowledge if you know what’s going on,” James said. “I’ve always said I feel like it’s important for me to do it because that’s just who I am. I got out there and I learned a lot about it in ’08 and I learned a lot about it now.”In 2008, the three-time NBA MVP said he researched Obama before voting for him, but adds he has done the same this time around.Heat president Pat Riley and James are on two different sides of the aisle when dealing with politics. Riley has donated $2,500 to Republican challenger Mitt Romney.James was asked if he thought about throwing an event such as Bruce Springsteen did to rally support for Obama. The NBA champion said that his busy schedule during the summer, preseason and now regular season have prohibited him from being able to organize an event.“It’s kind of late now, but I’ve been able to send out a few tweets and support (Obama),” he said. “But I’m supporting him and I think his camp knows that and everybody that knows me knows that.”James is glad that he did not let endorsers influence his decision to speak out, but issued a challenge to everyone who can vote and hasn’t voted.“I think it’s a very important election for everyone,” James said. “Everyone, they talk about having a right to vote. Just don’t talk about it, actually go out and do it. And let your voice be heard, and I’m happy to be in the position I am.”
Observers generally say that eventually all cars will use some form of electric engine and that means recharging. The more charging opportunity, the more confident customers will be about EV adoptions. While Qualcomm is throwing its competitive hat into the ring with its new charging system, the company does not deny that this is no magic bullet if there is no adequate transport system to accommodate wide deployment. Wireless recharging points embedded in roads to give electric vehicles complete autonomy would be the next phase, allowing drivers to drive and charge at the same time. Qualcomm says pads buried in the motorway can allow EVs to travel longer distances, have smaller batteries, and weigh less. According to Tech-On, the frequency range used for power transmission is 20k-140kHz. The power to be transmitted is 3kW for single phase, 7kW for three phases and 18kW or higher in the case of rapid charging. A home could be set up with the single phase 3kW IPT for charging a car overnight.Many product debuts at CES are regularly criticized by viewers as disappearing into vapor once the show draws to a close, but Qualcomm’s system is scheduled for a more aggressive debut, in the form of a field test in 50 EVs over a two-year trial period.Wireless recharging points will be rolled out across London this year to put the charging system to the test. The testing is supported by Transport for London and Mayor Boris Johnson. The Mayor has showed strong support in promoting EVs. In 2009 he pledged that every Londoner will be no more than one mile from an electric car charge point by 2015. Electric cars get charged wirelessly in London (w/ Video) Explore further The “Qualcomm Halo Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging (WEVC)” technology demonstrated at CES works with a transmitter pad placed near the car’s vehicle pad, which is connected to the car’s battery. Once the car is parked over that pad, the car starts charging. A controller turns alternating current into direct current. An in-car display tells when the car is lined up and when charging has started.The system uses magnetic resonance to couple power from the Base Charging Unit (BCU) to the Vehicle Charging Unit (VCU). “The system works on the principle of a magnetic resistance similar to charging an electric toothbrush,” said Qualcomm’s Joe Barret, a Qualcomm executive. © 2011 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — Qualcomm has demonstrated its new wireless power transmission system for electric vehicles (EVs) at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES). The system, including one pad for power transmitting, another for power-receiving, and control unit, uses the inductive transfer method to charge an EV. The chip-maker’s technology, Inductive Power Transfer (IPT), has a technology history that rests with the company that it acquired in November, HaloIPT. The latter, which made a name for itself in developing wireless charging technology for EVs, was a spinoff from the University of Auckland in New Zealand. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Qualcomm’s HaloIPT tech brings wireless charging for EVs (2012, January 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-01-qualcomm-haloipt-tech-wireless-evs.html More information: All images courtesy TechOn.
The 300-km long Jammu-Srinagar National Highway continued to remain closed for traffic for the fifth consecutive day on Sunday due to landslides triggered by heavy rain, leaving over 700 Kashmir-bound trucks and light passenger vehicles stranded.Authorities have not allowed any fresh movement of traffic from Jammu to Srinagar or from the other side, a senior traffic police officer said.”Road has been washed away at several places due to massive landslides triggered by continuous rainfall in the state. A large stretch of road has been washed away at several places,” the officer said. There have been fresh landslides at three different places in Ramban district, he said. The highway was closed on April 1 due to landslides triggered by heavy rains at different places, he said.The men and machines of Border Roads Organisation (BRO) are working to clear the highway of landslides and make it motorable, he said.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee will inaugurate two-day-long Mati Utsav from Tarakeswar in Hooghly on February 22.Banerjee is also expected to felicitate farmers with Mati Samman award for their extraordinary achievements in the agriculture sector. Banerjee will be giving the award after inaugurating the Mati Utsav at Baliguri area of Tarakeswar on Friday. Following the inauguration, the festival will be celebrated in all the districts. Hundreds of farmers from the districts will join the festival in their Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata Boserespective districts. Banerjee had initiated this programme marking the growth of the agriculture sector in the state. Initially, it used to take place on Lalbaba Ashram Ground in Pangarh. She has been organising the programme for the past several years. The preparation of the Utsav has already started in all the districts and steps have been taken to make necessary arrangements as thousands of people will be visiting Mati Utsav not only in Hooghly but also in other districts. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAccording to a senior official of the state Agriculture department, there will be stalls in the festival so that the farmers would get to know about different modern techniques of farming from the outlets. There will be a separate platform where they can discuss about the problems they usually face during farming. There will be experts and officials of the state Agriculture department who could provide guidelines to the farmers. The knowledge-sharing programme with the experts will help to develop new ideas for farming. There will be further discussions on different aspects of Mati Utsav in the districts. It may be mentioned here that after coming to power the Mamata Banerjee government has taken several initiatives for the benefit of farmers to ensure that they incur profit. Prodded by the Chief Minister, state Agriculture department has started a host of new schemes and the annual income of the farmers in the state has gone up three times than what had been in the past. All the district administrations have been working on a war footing to put in place necessary arrangements ahead of official inauguration by Banerjee. State Agriculture Minister Asish Banerjee who is an MLA from Rampurhat in Birbhum said that the Mati Utsav will be celebrated across the state after the Chief Minister inaugurates the festival in Hooghly. The programme is extremely beneficial for the farmers as they get a platform to interact with the department officials. It will be celebrated in Suri, the district headquarter of Birbhum.