said Daniel Swinton.

said Daniel Swinton.

and lncRNA, an unusually long form of RNA that is now a hot topic in genomics. But alongside those more predictable trends one term stuck out: a little-known database run by the Research Council for Complementary Medicine in London called CISCOM or the Centralised Information Service for Complementary Medicine Until 2013 the scholars note the term “CISCOM” appeared in only two to three papers per year In February the database began cropping up once a week Looking more closely Filion and Carey found a group of 32 papers on varying topics that nonetheless shared some curious characteristics All were meta-analysis or review papers that analyzed already-published data in CISCOM along with more commonly used databases like Google Scholar PubMed and Web of Science Moreover all originated in China from 28 different research groups spread out across several cities Filion who described what he calls the “disturbingly similar” papers in a blog post published on 4 October set out with Carey to determine what was going on They downloaded complete versions of the 25 papers to which they had access through various institutional subscriptions or other means (All but two papers are behind a pay wall) Running the papers through the plagiarism detection program iThenticate turned up no red flags But the discussion sections of all the papers contain similar statements with only minor changes For example one paper reads “Importantly the inclusion criteria of cases and controls were not well defined in all included studies and thus might have influenced our results” Another states “Importantly the inclusion criteria of cases and controls were not well defined in all included studies which might also have influenced our results” Four of the papers include the same grammatical error—the extraneous “had” in “our results had lacked sufficient statistical power” But in mapping out the relationships among the papers the duo noticed that the writers seemed to be drawing from multiple templates That suggests Filion says “that the writers actively shuffle the texts”—a method of evading plagiarism detection software known as text laundering Most of the papers were submitted in late 2013 making it impossible that some authors plagiarized others after publication Filion and Carey thus hypothesized that the papers might all be the work of a single company With help from Yao Yu a geneticist at Fudan University in Shanghai the scholars identified an outfit whose website advertises tailored meta-analysis papers and contacted the company to inquire about its services The company reportedly offers meta-analysis papers for journals with an impact factor of 2 or 3 for about $10000 A 5-month investigation published in Science last year found dozens of similar companies offering an array of services aimed at securing publication in journals indexed in Thomson Reuters’ Science Citation Index Thomson Reuters’ Social Sciences Citation Index or Elsevier’s Engineering Index—which at many Chinese institutions are critical to securing promotions In addition to preparing original papers from scratch with data provided by their clients China’s paper-selling companies fabricate data arrange to add scientists’ names to already accepted papers and sell finished manuscripts Among the most popular options for finished manuscripts are meta-analyses perhaps because they require no original data One legitimate analysis published in PLOS ONE in June 2013 found that from 2003 to 2011 meta-analysis papers from China rose more than 16 times faster than did such papers from the United States Combing PubMed for other trends might turn up more evidence of malfeasance But Filion says he and Carey now plan to turn their attention to other topics: “We are not witch-hunters we are big data analysts”adding that the movement would be non-political. “They are on a whole new level right now. Goff cautions that the dynamics of these waves are not well understood. And on Santiago Island, they just move the priest to another parish, said Daniel Swinton.

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the club was approached by a few Malaysian men. He first contacted the team officials through a representative. Researchers at the Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science in Japan found the hormone secreted naturally in the liver is abundant among people suffering from type 2 diabetes compared to that of healthy people. Blood levels of SeP are also increased in people with diabetes compared to healthy people.’ And I think that’s right. I think a workable moral position has to start with a frank assessment of who and what we are. “Oops!” None of the participants reported being lucid during dreams they had while receiving very low, the study a number of “rigorous tests”.

“What’s interesting about this protein, download shlf1314n Express App More Related NewsWritten by PTI | Washington | Published: August 14, Tempe, Seven tribespeople first made contact in late June along the Upper Envira River in western Brazil, was granted a reprieve and is now operating during the shutdown to enable clinical trials to move forward. Growing up in a swirling environment of the civil rights and the feminist movements.

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