The Irish National Bakery School is finalising details of a new degree course for the next academic year, writes Ann Marie Foley. It is also advertising short bakery courses for chefs in Ireland’s top catering magazine. This follows the popularity of last year’s short courses among people from small catering and café businesses. “This year we decided to target hotels, on the basis that many are now using frozen bought-in product. I believe it is often the same and not of top quality,” said Derek O’Brien, head of the National Bakery School. He explained chefs tend not to tackle bread-making but that the three-day course can be tailored to their needs. “In America, they offer what they call signature bread, which is specific to a restaurant or hotel. Avoca in Bray makes its own bread and you cannot get it anywhere else. So that is what we are suggesting.” The school’s full-time two year Higher Certificate course will be extended by a year to become a degree course. However, students who want to leave after the two years will still receive the Higher Certificate. The degree course is aimed at technicians and technologists and those entering the bakery industry but also the wider food industry, such as delis and cafés that offer their own bread andbakery products. The school also offers four part-time courses that are continually full: Professional Baking – Bread; Cake; Fruit Bread; and Pastry. These and other short courses receive Continuing Professional Development (CPD) qualifications under the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT) of which the Bakery School is part. While the school once catered for all bakery training in Ireland, enterprise-led support body Skillnets now offers workplace courses. The DIT and all its schools such as the bakery are to move to a new Dublin location during the next few years.
The Hindu festival traditionally ends with devotees leading massive processions to the Arabian Sea to immerse elaborately decorated figurines of the much-loved elephant god into the water.But this year’s celebrations are expected to be muted, with authorities in the virus-plagued city urging people to mark the 10-day festival at home in a bid to ensure social distancing.”As our pottery sales dwindled, I decided to make Ganesha statues… as a means of survival and also to promote environmentally friendly [alternatives],” 40-year-old Galwani told AFP.Activists have long criticized the practice of immersing the idols in the sea, arguing it contributes to water pollution, and Galwani agrees. Topics : Since the coronavirus pandemic clobbered his pottery business, one Muslim artisan from India’s largest slum has turned to a Hindu god to revive his fortunes by making environmentally friendly Ganesha idols for an upcoming festival.Potter Yusuf Zakaria Galwani works with his two brothers in the Mumbai shanty town of Dharavi to create 13-inch-tall statues out of terracotta clay, counting on the god — who is revered as the remover of obstacles — to give his business a much-needed boost ahead of the celebrations.Ganesh Chaturthi — which kicks off on Saturday — is embraced with gusto in India’s financial hub. “Every year, we see huge Ganesha statues made from plaster of Paris washing up on the shores after the immersion. This affects our local environment and marine life as well,” he said.His clay creations are designed to disintegrate quickly and turn into soil. They also contain a seed inside which can germinate if watered like a plant.Sold for 1,500 rupees ($20) each, Galwani has received orders for 800 statues so far and hopes to see his neighborhood bounce back economically after tackling the virus.Made famous by the 2008 Oscar-winner “Slumdog Millionaire”, Dharavi was thrown back into the spotlight in April over fears that the lack of social distancing or sanitation in its densely packed streets would make it an easy target for the virus.But a sharp focus on testing accompanied by tough quarantine and lockdown measures have seen infections plunge across the slum. “Previously I lost business as customers were wary of stepping into the slums,” Galwani said. “Now, things have changed and they’re willing to even come and pick up their own orders.” A third-generation potter, he said he saw no conflict in practicing his faith while catering to the needs of Hindu worshippers. “What’s the big deal if I am a Muslim making statues of Hindu deities like Ganesha? India is a secular democracy and we have grown up with many cultures living together,” Galwani added. Although officials have not issued an outright ban on sea immersions this year, they have imposed restrictions on local celebrations. Devotees are barred from making public offerings to the deity and organizers have been ordered to sanitize any outdoor marquees several times a day. India has registered over 2.6 million infections — the third-highest in the world — with western Maharashtra state, of which Mumbai is the capital, responsible for a fifth of coronavirus cases nationwide. Pandemic deaths across the country passed 50,000 on Monday.
0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) Ending their long wait for a win at their London rivals is just the latest sign of the progress made under Pochettino.And it was even more impressive as they came from behind as a huge error from Hugo Lloris gifted Alvaro Morata the opening goal when the Tottenham goalkeeper misjudged a cross in the 30th minute.Christan Eriksen’s sublime long-range strike drew Tottenham level in first-half stoppage time.Alli took centre stage to end a barren run with two smart finishes in the 62nd and 66th minutes.Tottenham could even afford the luxury of doing the damage without Harry Kane, who made his return from a three-week layoff with ankle ligament damage 16 minutes from time.It was a sweet moment for Alli, who has endured criticism for some erratic performances this season.“He’s a great talent and I have no doubts about him. Young players need room to breath,” Pochettino said.“There’s pressure on their shoulders. But he has nothing to show to me or Tottenham.“It’s more about the expectation being so high. I’m so happy for him.”After a long run of poor results in away fixtures against their top four rivals, Tottenham finally proved they can win when the stakes are highest.Pochettino, yet to win a trophy with Tottenham, said: “After 28 years it is important to win here. It’s a happy day for everyone – fans, players. We feel very proud.”Chelsea manager Antonio Conte admitted Eriksen’s equaliser was a hammer blow after his side had dominated for much of the first half.“The goal at the end of the first half it wasn’t good for us and our confidence. We deserved to go in 2-0 up but football is this and Eriksen scored a fantastic goal,” he said.“Second half we tried to score again but Tottenham have been more clinical than us. In this season we are not so clinical and then we lost the game.”– Conte rues Chelsea flop –Antonio Conte watched his Chelsea side beaten 3-1 at home by Spurs Sunday but won’t concede the top four is beyond the Blues © AFP / Daniel LEAL-OLIVASFailing to qualify for the Champions League could trigger Conte’s departure at the end of the season after he spent much of the campaign feuding with the club’s hierarchy over their failure to back his transfer plans.But Conte wouldn’t concede Chelsea are out of the race for the top four.“For sure we lost a great chance today to reduce the gap with Tottenham,” he said.“There are seven games to go and we have to do our best until the end. At the end of the season you finish in the position you deserve.” 0Shares0000Chelsea’s Eden Hazard vies with Tottenham midfielder Dele Alli on Sunday © AFP / Daniel LEAL-OLIVASLONDON, United Kingdom, Apr 1 – Mauricio Pochettino saluted Dele Alli as Tottenham ended their 28-year wait to beat Chelsea at Stamford Bridge with a 3-1 victory on Sunday. Defeat for Chelsea shattered their hopes of qualifying for next season’s Champions League as Tottenham opened up an eight-point lead over their closest challengers for fourth place.
Leigh Griffiths has scored just one goal in eight Premiership appearances this season Leigh Griffiths has withdrawn from the Scotland squad to face Israel and Portugal this month.The Celtic striker played an hour of his side’s 6-0 route St Johnstone on Sunday before exiting the action and claims he needs “focus on his fitness” during the international break. The 28-year-old was only a substitute for Scotland in their Nations League opening win against Albania last month.The man preferred ahead of him in attack – Steven Naismith – went on to impress and manager Alex McLeish said after the game that he would keep his place for Scotland’s next game.Griffith described McLeish’s declaration a “kick in the teeth” and has now decided to make himself unavailable for the Nations League clash with Israel on Thursday and the friendly against Portugal three days later.In a statement released by the Scottish Football Association, Griffiths said: “I feel that I need to focus on my fitness over this international period and get back into the best possible shape.“I had a good discussion with the manager to explain my decision. It’s not one that I’ve made lightly.“It means a lot to me to play for Scotland and I hope to be part of Alex’s plans again in future, if selected.“My aim is to be back to my best and be available for section for club and country.” 1
Stressed? Depressed? Take a forest bath. Another major study shows that outdoor exposure is good for the body and mind.A meta-study (a study of studies) involving 290 million people in 20 countries has concluded that “Living close to nature and spending time outside has significant and wide-ranging health benefits.” Science Daily announces, “It’s official — spending time outside is good for you.”Researchers at the University of East Anglia found strong confirmation in 140 studies of what is intuitively obvious: we feel better when we can see trees and sky. The benefits go deeper than intuition:A new report published today reveals that exposure to greenspace reduces the risk of type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, premature death, preterm birth, stress, and high blood pressure….‘Green space’ was defined as open, undeveloped land with natural vegetation as well as urban greenspaces, which included urban parks and street greenery.The team analysed how the health of people with little access to green spaces compared to that of people with the highest amounts of exposure.“We found that spending time in, or living close to, natural green spaces is associated with diverse and significant health benefits. It reduces the risk of type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, premature death, and preterm birth, and increases sleep duration.“People living closer to nature also had reduced diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and stress. In fact, one of the really interesting things we found is that exposure to greenspace significantly reduces people’s levels of salivary cortisol — a physiological marker of stress.Considering how much work time is lost due to stress, depression and anxiety, time outside could be just what the doctor ordered. The Japanese, once again, seem to be ahead of the Europeans on this point.“Forest bathing is already really popular as a therapy in Japan — with participants spending time in the forest either sitting or lying down, or just walking around. Our study shows that perhaps they have the right idea!”But what causes the benefits? Is it physical activity? Is it socializing? It’s probably those, and more: it gives helpful bacteria a chance to hitch a ride on you! Those, in turn, get your immune system something to practice on.Meanwhile, exposure to a diverse variety of bacteria present in natural areas may also have benefits for the immune system and reduce inflammation.“Much of the research from Japan suggests that phytoncides — organic compounds with antibacterial properties — released by trees could explain the health-boosting properties of forest bathing.”The findings reinforce the idea that human beings were made for outdoor life. We obviously shouldn’t be outside in pouring rain, or on smoky, smoggy days. But life in front of unnatural computer screens in an office cubicle with processed air can take its toll. Wise managers, healthcare professionals and city planners should take this human need for outdoor exposure into account.The research team hope that their findings will prompt doctors and other healthcare professionals to recommend that patients spend more time in greenspace and natural areas.Twohig-Bennett said: “We hope that this research will inspire people to get outside more and feel the health benefits for themselves. Hopefully our results will encourage policymakers and town planners to invest in the creation, regeneration, and maintenance of parks and greenspaces, particularly in urban residential areas and deprived communities that could benefit the most.“This ought to be one subject both creationists and evolutionists can agree on.Creationists can get a laugh over atheist Carl Sagan’s lapse into worship when he said, “It makes sense for us to revere the trees, for we are their children.” OK, Carl; plant an acorn and see if a baby grows from it. Instead, the Bible teaches that God put our first parents not in a city, but in a garden. The future city of God will have lots of open greenspace: rivers, too:Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb through the middle of the street of the city; also, on either side of the river, the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. This is the real, original created Tree of Life, not Darwin’s fake. Do you see a hint that both Eden and the future New Earth will allow humans to take risks? Why would God make provision for healing with leaves of trees? This suggests that heaven will be adventurous! Don’t think God wants his creatures to be bored, when He outfitted us with all kinds of physical capabilities and minds that soar with high aspirations. The apostle John is watching this vision from a “high mountain,” he says in (21:10). Can’t you envision it festooned with forests and all kinds of living creatures? Who will be first to the top? The gates of the New Jerusalem are open day and night, so we can enjoy all kinds of amazing environments on an unfallen Earth.Our sister site CreationSafaris.com includes many resources to help you get some AWE in your life: Adventure, Worship and Education in the great outdoors! (Visited 295 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
23 May 2003Housing Minister Brigitte Mabandla announced during the department’s budget speech in Parliament this week that the government has raised the subsidy levels for people who qualify for low-cost houses.“We have decided to adjust the subsidy grant on an annual basis to ensure that the subsidy is not eroded by the effects of inflation,” said Mabandla.The minister said the government subsidy for people earning up to R1 500 per month would be increased 13.8% or R2 800, from R20 300 to R23 100.Those earning from R1 501 to R2 500 will see their subsidies increased by 11.8%, from R12 700 to R14 200.Mabandla said there would also be an R800 increase from R7 000 to R7 800 for people who fell within the income bracket of R2 501 to R3 500.She said the indigent, who included the aged, disabled and the infirm, would have their subsidy increased from R22 800 to R25 580, provided they earned no more than R800 per month.The consolidation subsidy for those earning up to R1 500 rises from R10 900 to R12 521 and for indigents from R13 400 to R15 000, representing increases of 14.8% and 11.9% respectively.Mabandla added that her department was investigating a possible raising of the income limit for the highest subsidy amount, from R1 500 per month to R1 794.Source: BuaNews
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest When considering how to maximize the productivity of Ohio’s agricultural lands for generations to come, there are more farmers taking cues from the ultimate expert on the subject — Mother Nature.For eons, she took care of the soils and developed them into some of the richest the world has ever seen. Now, as modern stewards of the land face the perennial challenges associated with agricultural production, there are some simple and broad concepts that are just scratching the surface of a very complex science that is just beginning to be understood.“We are trying to educate people to have the right ecological context. We forgot to look at the soil as a living ecosystem. We were not taught to synergize with it,” said Ray Archuleta, a USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service conservation agronomist to 300 listeners packed into David Brandt’s Fairfield County farm shop earlier this month. “We are taking a more holistic view through biomimicry. We are giving people a new way of looking at the soil by learning to mimic the mentor and stop fighting it.”Ray Archuleta on learning from natureArchuleta encouraged the listeners to think about how the soils they farm were originally formed.“The soil in the forest and prairie are covered 24/7 and they have animals in the system. They have diversity and they are never bare. We need to follow some of those principles and mimic nature on our farms,” he said. “Buffalo, for example, group very tightly because of predators. Now some of our graziers are grouping cattle very tightly using hotwire. That gives us better manure distribution and we are getting great responses from our pastures.”Mother Nature is also a very low input, low cost operator.“If you teach people how the soil functions, they use fewer inputs that can end up in the waterways and it is less costly for the farm,” Archuleta said. “If we can cover the soil, sequester those nutrients and use the right soil tests, we are using fewer inputs.”Cover crops, no-till, animal manure — not complicated concepts in a broad sense, but Archuleta acknowledges that the challenges and complexities are in the details. This is a management intensive system, though some farmers are making it work.“You are farming with a complex system. We want an easy pill. We have diminished our soils for hundreds of years and fixing things takes time,” Archuleta said. “We have producers now who have cut their inputs dramatically, but it is a commitment and it is a system. People who don’t want to take risks — don’t even try covers and no-till if you are not willing to change and learn. But, if you want to change, reduce inputs and pass the farm to the next generation, come and learn. If you’re not committed, don’t do this. Cover crops have to be just as important as your main crops.”David Brandt, of course, is known around the country for his work with cover crops and long-term no-till on his Fairfield County farm where he has dramatically reduced inputs. One example is with herbicide costs.“We have seen a reduction in herbicides by as much as 50%. As we use cover crops that don’t mat down we are not seeing marestail, giant ragweeds or winter annuals out there in the fields. We still have the opportunity to use post if we want to and we pull the trigger if we need to, but 90% of the time we don’t have to pull that trigger,” Brandt said. “We are trying to mimic Mother Nature. We want in our cover crops plants that are short in stature, medium in stature and taller, just like your woodlots are. We will have root growth anywhere from three inches down to five feet deep.”Brandt and others have been able to increase yields and make similar and significant cuts in inputs including nutrients, fungicides and pesticides with long-term cover crop use.In terms of cuts in commercial fertilizer, the reductions can only be successfully implemented after several years with carefully managed no-till and cover crops, Archuleta said. Then, as the soil health and quality improves, the fertilizer requirements decrease. The key to this, though, according to Archuleta, is using the right soil test — the “Haney test.”Traditional soil tests measure the amount of nitrate in the soil, but do not account for the contributions of soil microbes that mineralize organic nitrogen and phosphate. Because of this, traditional soil tests often direct farmers with healthier soils to apply more fertilizer than is really needed.“The problem is that conventional tools are not measuring the right soil characteristics. They test for inorganic nitrogen in the form of nitrate, but that’s just one form of nitrogen available to the plant,” said Richard Haney, the soil scientist with the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service Grassland, Soil, and Water Research Laboratory who developed the “Haney test.”The “Haney test” involves drying and rewetting soil and analyzing it for microbial activity to measure nitrate and ammonium, plus an organic form of nitrogen. It also measures organic carbon and other nutrients. The drying and rewetting process mimics what happens in the field before and after a rain.The soil test results include a spreadsheet that shows the amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium available to plants along with measurements of water-soluble organic carbon, water-soluble organic nitrogen, and soil microbial activity. The results also provide a calculation of soil health and the ratio of carbon to nitrogen.The Haney test is available at laboratories around the country, including Brookside Laboratories in New Bremen. It adds to the time and costs for a soil test, but it saves on fertilizer costs. Brandt started using Haney’s system three years ago.“I estimate that it’s saved us at least 25% in nutrient costs,” Brandt said. “The readings were more accurate than other soil tests we had run, and we either maintained or increased our yields.”The road has been a little different for every farm success story Archuleta highlighted, but the basic concepts have proven themselves time and again for those who are willing to make the significant investment in the future of their soils.“First, expect failure. You will have failures. Expectations are everything,” Archuleta said. “Get organized have the right equipment and understand your cover crop varieties. Don’t do this alone. Build a soil health community you can rely on for advice. Incorporate diversity into your operation. Rotate animals and enterprise diversity so that farm becomes more resilient to ecological and economic stress. Be patient and try three to five years with covers and no-till.”
Almost all civil society organisations in Manipur announced on Sunday that they will join the Citizenship Bill agitations on October 3 throughout the Northeast region in protest against the moves to pass the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill.A meeting of the representatives of the civil society organisations and social activists was held in Imphal on Sunday to reaffirm their stand against the Bill.Dilipkumar Yumnamcha, convener of the Manipur People Against Citizenship Amendment Bill (MANPAC) formed by over 84 civil society organisations in Manipur said, “People in the Northeast States are fuming over the one nation, one language theory. The people in Manipur have been agitating all these days contending that when enacted this Bill will be against the interest of the indigenous peoples of this region”.Even States such as Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland where there is travel restrictions of the outsiders since the Inner Line Permit is in force are not happy with the Bill.Mr. Yumnamcha said that because of the ferment in the NE States the Bill could not be tabled in Rajya Sabha. “However it does not mean that it will not be passed”, he added.All political parties in Manipur are also holding a meeting on Monday to make their stands clear to the people over the Bill.Chief Minister of Manipur N. Biren said that the Bill, when enacted, shall not harm the people of the State. However, his detractors maintain that people take his assurance with a pinch of salt. He said that police parolling and surveillance are intensified over the border towns said to be entry points of the illegal migrants.Another burning problem in Manipur is the forthcoming accord the Indian government is likely to sign with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-IM). Several prominent politicians say that while the people welcome the forthcoming agreement with the NSCN(IM) they say that nothing should be done to threaten the unity and integrity of Manipur. Sunil Karam, president of United Committee Manipur which is for the protection of Manipur’s territory said that if Manipur’s voice is muffled people will “take up the cudgels to avenge the deaths of 18 persons on June 18, 2001”. They were protesting against the “without territorial limits” words in the agreement with the NSCN(IM).
Japanese carmaker Datsun has launched the redi-GO 1.0-litre in India with prices beginning from Rs 3.57 lakh (Ex-showroom, India). Datsun had launched the 800cc model of the redi-Go in India last year at a price of Rs 2.41 lakh (Ex-showroom, New Delhi). The new car doesn’t come with just a bigger engine, but it also gets a bunch of new features.The new 1.0-litre engine in the redi-GO has been taken from the Renault Kwid and it puts out 68bhp and 91Nm of torque. Unlike the Kwid, the redi-GO 1.0-litre doesn’t come with an automatic gearbox. Power is sent to the front wheels via a five-speed manual transmission.On the inside, the redi-GO 1.0-litre gets central locking, something that was not present in the 800cc model. However with the launch of the 1.0-litre redi-GO, even the smaller displacement versions will get this feature now. The interiors have been given the black treatment, just like the redi-GO Sport.While the S variant of the redi-GO 1.0-litre has been priced at Rs 3.57 lakh (Ex-showroom, India), the T(O) variant has been priced at Rs 3.72 lakh (Ex-showroom, India). The Datsun redi-GO 1.0-litre competes against the likes of Renault Kwid, Maruti Suzuki Alto K10 and Hyundai Eon in the market.Also Read:Datsun to launch redi-GO 1.0L in India today
The Samsung Galaxy A90 is shaping up to be an exciting new addition to the Galaxy A series based on everything we have been hearing off late. Rumours in the past have suggested that the Galaxy A90 will be the company’s first mid-range phone to rock a Snapdragon 855 chipset. It is also said to come with 5G support and 45W fast charging support, among other things. These features were once again reiterated by a popular tipster who also said that the Galaxy A90 may launch by October.Tipster Ice Universe has been pretty reliable when it comes to news about Samsung’s upcoming products. On Wednesday, the tipster tweeted that the Galaxy A90 will be powered by a Snapdragon 855 SoC and will only come in a 5G version. It would also make the Galaxy A90 one of the cheapest 5G phones in the second half of the year. He adds that the Galaxy A90 will feature a waterdrop display (perhaps an Infinity-U display) with a FHD+ resolution.Galaxy A90 only has 5G version, Snapdragon 855 processor, is one of the cheapest 5G mobile phones in the second half of the year, will be launched in September or October, with water drop design, FHD + screen, design in general, the main 5G.Ice universe (@UniverseIce) July 10, 2019In the same tweet, the tipster claimed that the Galaxy A90 will be launched in September or October. This makes sense as Samsung will be reserving the next few weeks to hype up the launch of the Galaxy Note 10 on August 7.advertisementNot only is the Galaxy A90 rumoured to come with a large 4,500mAh battery, but it will also be Samsung’s first smartphone to support up to 45W fast charging. In recent times, Samsung has been introducing new technologies in its Galaxy A-series phones rather than its flagship series’ so a 45W fast charging support for the Galaxy A90 is believable.Past rumours also say that the Galaxy A90 will sport a 6.7-inch display and an in-display fingerprint sensor. The phone is also said to come with a feature called Tilt OIS, which seems to suggest a new stabilisation technology for the camera. Additionally, we should also expect a triple camera setup on the back with a 48MP main camera, an ultra wide-angle lens and a depth sensor or telephoto lens.ALSO READ | Samsung Galaxy Tab S5e review: Great mid-range Android tablet but not a laptop replacementALSO READ | Samsung Galaxy Note 10 first official photos leak out, here’s what it will look like
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#TurksandCaicos, August 25, 2017 – Providenciales – Travelers to the Turks and Caicos Islands will now be known to Border Control officials even before they arrive as the country joins with CARICOM and other nations in a system designed to electronically capture information on those visiting. The measure, called Advance Passenger Information System or #APIS was on Monday tabled in the House of Assembly as on its way by Border Control Minister, Deputy Premier, Sean Astwood, if supported by members.“Small island developing states like our beloved Turks and Caicos islands, must find the balance to embrace the opportunities of globalization, while capitalizing on the powers of an integrated world community to mitigate against the inherent threat that comes with it.”DP Astwood said the US, the UK and members of the Caribbean Community are undertaking the initiative as a crime prevention measure – deterring drug smuggling, human trafficking, weapons and other contraband entering any participating country. The Deputy Premier explained that APIS even speeds up delays at the airport.This profound growth in passenger traffic while great for our tourist industry and vital to our economy brings with it several challenges, ranging in severity from inadequate airport facilities to threat from serious crime and terrorism. And although, Mr. Speaker, we in the TCI can still enjoy what we can still deem as a very safe destination, we must recognize and appreciate the risks that exists and take measures to mitigate against them for the sustainability of the industry and our very way of life.”The introduction of APIS will require changes to the Immigration Ordinance and will hopefully curtail spending as it relates to the human resources it is increasingly taking to manage borders.The measure will take effect soon.#MagneticMediaNews Signing of the Air Passenger Information Services Agreement (APIS) Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Related Items:#magneticmedianews, apis TCI needs UK letter of approval to start APIS with CARICOM Recommended for you
Aston Villa manager Dean Smith insists his team has what it takes to defeat Leeds United when both sides face off next weekend.Villa have been in good form of late, having won four of their last seven games in the Sky Bet Championship, and are currently unbeaten since their loss to Queens Park Rangers in October.Since the appointment of Smith as manager, The Villans have jumped from 17th to eighth on the league standings and have the promotion playoff spots within grasp. Aston Villa’s upcoming opponents, Leeds, are also on a good run of form and have won their last five games to return to the top of the table.Smith, however, insists his team are looking forward to the game against Leeds and believe they can beat the league leaders.Aston Villa explains why they spent so much money on players Manuel R. Medina – September 6, 2019 According to Aston Villa’s chief executive, the team needed to spend £144.5 million on 12 players in order to stay competitive.“It’s another one we’re looking forward to”, Smith told Aston Villa’s official website.“It’s Leeds United at home in front of another close to full house.” “They are in the top two doing well.” ”But we believe we can beat them.”Aston Villa are currently three points behind sixth placed Middlesbrough, and will hope to close the gap to teams above them next weekend.
News Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? Facebook 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet Prev Next Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs Email Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? GRAMMY In The Schools Live! Presents Alumni Performers For GRAMMY Week Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images Twitter Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained 61st GRAMMY Awards TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images GRAMMY In The Schools Live! Happening GRAMMY Week grammy-schools-live-presents-alumni-performers-grammy-week Alumni from the GRAMMY Museum’s many music education programs will perform at the special event on Feb. 7Philip MerrillGRAMMYs Jan 28, 2019 – 1:58 pm The GRAMMY Museum and Ford Motor Company Fund have announced the tenth annual GRAMMY In The Schools Live!—A Celebration of Music & Education. The GRAMMY Week event will take place on Feb. 7 at The Montalbán in Los Angeles.GRAMMY Museum Foundation’s music educational programs, which Ford helps support, include GRAMMY Camp, the GRAMMY Museum Summer Session, GRAMMY Career Day, and the Music Educator Award. Alumni of these varied music industry education programs will take the stage to perform at the special event.The still-to-be-announced recipient of the 2019 Music Educator Award will attend the festive evening, along with Ford Motor Company Fund Director of Community Development Pamela Alexander, Recording Academy President/CEO Neil Portnow, and GRAMMY Museum Executive Director Mchael Sticka.GRAMMY Camp brings together talented high school students who are passionate about music from across the country, with eight educational tracks including instrumental performance, vocal performance, audio engineering, music journalism and more. The passion these young students bring to their performances is electrifying, suggesting more great things ahead. One GRAMMY Camp alumni, Maren Morris, is now a GRAMMY-winner, and is currently up for more wins this year, including for her feature on Zedd’s “The Middle.” Additionally, the GRAMMY Museum Summer Session matches young songwriters with industry professionals to help newcomers get a leg up on their own careers in the music business. The application deadline for this summer’s GRAMMY Camp in Los Angeles is March 31. The deadline to submit nominations for the 2020 Music Educator Award is March 15.Tickets are available for GRAMMY In The Schools Live! at The Montalbán’s website. GRAMMY Week culminates with the 61st GRAMMY Awards on Sun. Feb. 10 on CBS.GRAMMY Jazz Band Plays Duke Ellington, Count Basie & More | 2018 GRAMMY Week Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Read more
WILMINGTON, MA — Below are job listings previously published on Wilmington Apple during the week of February 3, 2019:Full-Time Warehouse Person (Loader) at Pepsi Co.Part-Time Merchandiser at Pepsi Co.Full-Time Customer Service Manager at Serur AgenciesFull-Time Shipper/Receiver at AJ Mailing CompanyFull-Time Customer Service Representative at Parts4HeatingFull-Time Customer Service Rep at SpeedwayFull-Time Claims Representative at AmetrosFull-Time Customer Support at AltroPart-Time Worker at Garrick-Santo Landscaping Co.Full-Time Team Leaders at TargetPart-Time Crew Member at McDonald’sPart-Time Summer Coaches & Directors at Skyhawks Sports AcademyFull-Time Receptionist at Stuffed FoodsFull-Time Office Manager at Super Service TodayFull-Time Maintenance Technician at Stafford Manufacturing Corp.Full-Time Data Presort & Laser Printing at AJ Mailing CompanyFull-Time Warehouse Loader at Pepsi Co.Full-Time Manufacturing Technician at AmetekFull-Time Construction Project Manager at Channel BuildingFull-Time HR Business Partner at Charles River LabsFull-Time Service Technician at Cochrane VentilationFull-Time Sample Program Manager at Analog DevicesFull-Time RF Test Technician at Analog DevicesFull-Time Driver/Courier at Kirkwood PrintingFull-Time Operations Manager at Patterson CompaniesPart-Time Assistant Preschool Teacher at Abundant Life Christian Learning CenterPart-Time Residential Life Coach at NuPathFull-Time Account Executive at ComcastFull-Time Club Manager at Planet FitnessFull-Time Assistant Manager at Planet FitnessFull-Time Counter Sales Associate at Lennox InternationalFull-Time Solar Site Surveyor at Vivint SolarPart-Time Engineering Intern at Analog DevicesPart-Time Marketing Events Intern (Summer) at Charles River LabsFull-Time Sanitation Worker at Stuffed FoodsFull-Time Warehouse Associate at NAPA Auto PartsFull-Time Movers & Drivers at Two Men And A TruckFull-Time QA Manager at SpectraPart-Time Security Officer at Allied UniversalFull-Time Manufacturing Technician at Kelly ServicesFull-Time Customer Service Representative at Heilind ElectronicsFull-Time EMC Lab Technician at Analog DevicesFull-Time Technician I at Charles River LabsFull-Time Medical Network Manager at AmetrosFull-Time Sales Office Manager at Harrington Industrial PlasticsFull-Time Warehouse Lead/Back Up Driver at Harrington Industrial PlasticsFull-Time ABA Classroom Counselor at May InstituteFull-Time Clinical Supervisor at May InstitutePart-Time Package Handler at FedEx WarehouseFull-Time & Part-Time Servers at 99 Restaurant(NOTE: Wilmington businesses — Feel free to send me your job postings at [email protected])Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email [email protected] this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedNOW HIRING: 50 New Job Openings In Wilmington (Week of August 18, 2019)In “Business”NOW HIRING: 50 New Job Openings In Wilmington (Week of June 23, 2019)In “Business”NOW HIRING: 60 New Job Openings In Wilmington (Week of June 30, 2019)In “Business”
Satellite image of the Indus River basin in Pakistan and India Photo Credit : WikipediaIndian and Pakistani officials will discuss in New Delhi on Thursday and Friday the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC), established under the Indus Waters Treaty.The PIC is mandated to establish and maintain cooperative arrangements for the implementation of the treaty and to promote cooperation between the two sides in developing the Indus water systems.The 113th meeting of the Commission was held in Pakistan in March last year. The 114th meeting in New Delhi will cover technical grounds.Pakistan has been protesting over the design and construction of two projects – the 330 MW Kishanganga hydroelectric project and the 850 MW Ratle hydroelectric project – by India on the tributaries of the Indus in Jammu and Kashmir.The Indus Waters Treaty was signed in 1960 and involves six rivers: the Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum.Brokered by the World Bank, the treaty gave the right to use waters of the first three rivers to India and of the other three rivers to Pakistan.India has said it has the right under the treaty to set up hydropower plants on the tributaries of the rivers flowing through its territory. Pakistan fears this might reduce the water flow into its territory.
Location of Burkina Faso. Photo: Google MapAt least nine civilians have been killed in twin attacks in eastern Burkina Faso, a poor West African country where jihadists have been gaining ground in recent months, local authorities said Saturday.“Two terror attacks were carried out in the villages of Diabiga and Kompienbiga” overnight Friday in eastern Kompienga province, the regional governor said in an earlier statement.An unnamed security source told AFP that one of the attacks had targeted the home of a Islamic religious leader and other Muslims.“Five people including the leader were killed,” he said, adding that three others were injured on the attack on the house which is next to a mosque.One of the injured later succumbed to their wounds.Meanwhile, “three people belonging to the same family were killed and another two injured by suspected jihadists on mopeds,” according to another security source.Since 2015, Burkina Faso has battled increased Islamist violence of the sort that plagues neighbouring Mali and Niger, and experts say the recent surge is likely the result of pressure on jihadist insurgents there.The capital Ouagadougou has been hit by three attacks over the past two years leaving a total of 60 people dead.Last week Burkinabe president Roch Marc Christian Kabore promised new security measures “to eradicate the scourge of terrorism”.
Map of RajshahiTwo minor boys drowned in a pond at Hatramchandrapur Dangipara in Paba upazila on Tuesday.The deceased are Rony Ahmed, 5, son of Lokman, and Piarul Islam, 6, son of Belal of the village, reports UNB.Paba police station officer-in-charge Abul Kalam Azad said Rony and Piarul had remained missing since afternoon.After a hectic search, locals found their bodies floating in a pond near their house and recovered the bodies.An unnatural death case was filed in this connection.
×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15 Popular on Variety Form-wise, the speaker will differentiate itself from competing products like Apple’s Homepod with a round body that stands on three feet — think of it as a mini tripod for your speaker, if you will. The company didn’t announce a price point for the speaker yet, and instead promised updates for price and availability soon.One of the music services available on the speaker will be Spotify, which is being deeply integrated into both the Bixby speaker as well as other Samsung devices. The company even invited Spotify CEO Daniel Ek on stage to announce this new partnership. “The partnership that we are announcing with Samsung today is a true cross-platform listening experience,” Ek said.Part of the arrangement will allow what Samsung calls seamless continuity: Consumers will be able to start listening to an album or playlist on their phone, then continue to play the music to their TV when they get home, and finally press play on their smart speaker to keep playing the same music there.Samsung’s partnership with Spotify is notable for a number of reasons. For Samsung, it’s the latest episode of a multi-year search for a distinct music strategy, which included the launch of its own Milk Music service — a service that was killed two years after its launch. Samsung also briefly flirted with acquiring Tidal, and more recently partnered with Google to use Google Play Music as its default music service.For Spotify, the partnership is a clear attempt to fight off Apple Music, which is benefitting from its close iPhone integration. Unsurprisingly, Ek boasted Thursday that the deal would give his company a vastly larger footprint. “We’re talking about hundreds of millions of devices,” he said. Samsung used its Unpacked event in New York Thursday to unveil its own smart speaker, dubbed Galaxy Home. The company also announced a new partnership with Spotify, promising to deeply integrate the music service into a range of Samsung devices including phones, TVs and the upcoming Galaxy Home speaker.Samsung’s Galaxy Home speaker will be powered by Bixby, the company’s smart assistant. It will use eight microphones, which are supposed to be capable of optimizing far-field voice recognition even in large homes.The speaker will be powered by audio technology from AKG, a subsidiary of the speaker maker Harman, which Samsung acquired last year. It features six tweeters for omnidirectional sound, as well as one woofer. The speaker also integrates a smart home hub capable of controlling devices compatible with Samsung’s Smartthings technology.
Share this video The video will start in 1Cancel Play now Click to playTap to play Watch Next Watch again StokeonTrent Live – we’re #localandproudStokeonTrent Live – we’re #localandproudVideo Player is loading.Play VideoPauseUnmute0:00/1:20Loaded: 0%0:00Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVE-1:20 SharePlayback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedSubtitlessubtitles settings, opens subtitles settings dialogsubtitles off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMute0:00/0:00Loaded: 0%Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVE0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreen UP NEXT:UP NEXT: Click for Sound StokeonTrentLive – we’re #localandproud Video Loading Video Unavailable Video will play in We pay for stories! Send your videos to [email protected] and welcome to Stoke-on-TrentLive’s breaking news service bringing you all the latest updates from Stoke-on-Trent and North Staffordshire on Monday, November 26. Our team of reporters will be updating this live service with all the latest on the traffic and travel and weather updates – as well as news and entertainment through the day. We’ll be bringing you the very latest updates in our live news feed below. For the latest news and breaking news visit www.stokeontrentlive.co.uk Get all the big headlines, pictures, analysis, opinion and video on the stories that matter to you. Follow us on Twitter @SOTLive – the official Sentinel account – real news in real time. We’re also on Facebook – your must-see news, features, videos and pictures throughout Stoke-on-Trent, North Staffordshire & South Cheshire. Want to tell us about something going on where you live? Let us know – Tweet us @SOTLive or message us on our Facebook page . And if you have pictures to share, tag us on Instagram at StokeonTrentLive . 22:08Volunteers out to catch speeding motoristsResidents headed out to tackle speeding in their neighbourhood earlier. Members of the Penkhull Community Speedwatch group were on Queen’s Road to monitor drivers.PC Barry Joynson, who regularly supports the volunteers, said: “That is one of the roads local residents have raised concerns over excess speed. As well as Princes Road, Newcastle lane, Trent Valley Road, Hartshill Road, and Harpfields Road.”20:38Police are currently at the scene of a collision involving a truck and a car. The force was called out to Stanley Matthews Way near the bet365 Stadium.Police at the scene of a collision on Stanley Matthews WayOfficers are currently organising recovery of the vehicles. 16:57An unusual fire todayEmergency services were called to a bus stop – to deal with a suitcase on fire. The incident in Goldenhill also resulted in one man being checked by paramedics. Full story here. 13:29Traffic released on the #M6 northbound between J10 and J10A #Willenhall #Wolverhampton following a collision involving a van that has overturned. 1 lane remains closed, long delays on approach to the incident. Consider alternative routes— Highways England (@HighwaysWMIDS) November 26, 201813:25A34 Newcastle Road busy but moving between Springfield Retail Park and A500 D Road (Hanford Interchange). 13:13A52 Werrington Road Westbound busy but moving before A52 Leek Road (Lime Kiln Traffic Lights). 12:331 lane has re-opened, 3 remain blocked on the #M6 northbound between J10 and J10A #Willenhall #Wolverhampton following a collision involving a van that has overturned. Delays building. take care on approach pic.twitter.com/PjJKzoEsB4— Highways England (@HighwaysWMIDS) November 26, 201812:12 A5272 Chell Street busy but moving at A5272 Merrick Street / B5047 Hulton Street (Providence Square). 10:55Brownhills Road / Davenport Street / Newcastle Street busy but moving between A500 (Porthill Bank) and Tunstall. Travel time is five minutes. 10:45One lane closed and queuing traffic due to broken down vehicle on M6 Southbound from J15 A500 (Stoke-On-Trent) to J14 A5013 (Stafford North).Lane one (of three) closed. Between Stoke-on-Trent and Stafford. 10:09Heavy traffic on A527 Porthill Road at A500 D Road / Longbridge Hayes Road / Longbridge Hayes Road (Porthill Bank). 09:44Queuing traffic on A527 Biddulph Road coming from Brinley Ford Southbound at A5272 High Lane roundabout.09:44Middlewich Road in Sandbach is now open again— Cheshire Police (@cheshirepolice) November 26, 201808:59Due to essential statutory maintenance work the main entrance to A&E at Royal Stoke will be closed overnight from 7pm on Thursday 29 November 2018 until 6am the next day. Signed diversions for alternative access will be in place. *Ambulance arrivals will be unaffected* pic.twitter.com/axufwEHFjr— UHNM NHS Trust �� (@UHNM_NHS) November 26, 201808:44A53 Elder Road busy but moving at A50 Waterloo Road (Cobridge Traffic Lights). 08:35 Queuing traffic on A5272 Chell Street at A5272 Merrick Street / B5047 Hulton Street (Providence Square). Travel time is seven minutes. 08:34Slow traffic on A52 Werrington Road Westbound before A52 Leek Road (Lime Kiln Traffic Lights). Travel time is 11 minutes.08:10Slow traffic on A50 Uttoxeter Bypass into town from A521 (Blythe Bridge Roundabout / Draycot, Blythe Bridge) to A518 / B5030 (McDonalds roundabout, Spath). In the roadworks area.Due to road closed on A522.07:40There is a road closure on Middlewich Road, Sandbach between Crewe Road and Park Lane whilst officers deal with a collision. There is no access via Platt Avenue— Cheshire Police (@cheshirepolice) November 26, 201807:40Heavy traffic on A50 Westbound from Meir Tunnel towards the A500 D Road (Sideway Roundabout). 07:40Usual congestion on Brownhills Road / Davenport Street / Newcastle Street between A500 (Porthill Bank) and Tunstall. 07:35A533 Middlewich Road in both directions closed, heavy traffic due to accident from Crewe Road to Park Lane.Affecting traffic between Sandbach and Elworth. 07:31A50 Victoria Road busy but moving at A5007 City Road. 07:25Usual slow traffic on A500 D Road Southbound before M6 J15. 07:08A53 Leek New Road busy but moving at A5009 Baddeley Green Lane. 07:08Traffic heavier than normal on A50 Through The Roadworks at B5030 Ashbourne Road (Little Chef roundabout). Travel time is seven minutes. 07:08Good morning!Welcome to our daily live blog!
Advertisement Botnet is the generic name given to any collection of compromised PCs controlled by an attacker remotely. Botnets generally are created by a specific attacker or small group of attackers using one piece of malware to infect a large number of machines. The individual PCs that are part of a botnet often are called “bots” or “zombies” and there is no minimum size for a group of PCs to be called a botnet. Smaller botnets can be in the hundreds or low thousands of infected machines, while larger ones can run into the millions of PCs. Examples of well-known botnets that have emerged in recent years include Conficker, Zeus, Waledac, Mariposaand Kelihos. A botnet is often discussed as a single entity, however the creators of malware such as Zeus will sell their wares to anyone with the money to pay for them, so there can sometimes be dozens of separate botnets using the same piece of malware operating at one time.Method of Infection There are two main methods through which attackers infect PCs to make them part of a botnet: drive-by downloads and email. Drive-by download infections require a few different steps for the attacker, and they require the attacker to find a popular Web site with an exploitable vulnerability. The attacker then loads his own malicious code on the site and rigs it to exploit a vulnerability in a common browser such as Google Chrome or Internet Explorer. The code will typically then redirect the user’s browser to another site controlled by the attacker where the bot code will be downloaded and installed on the user’s machine. The email infection vector is much simpler. The attacker sends out a large batch of spam that includes either a file such as a Word document or PDF with malicious code in it, or a link to a site where the malicious code is hosted. In either case, once the attacker’s code is on the user’s machine, that PC is now part of the botnet. The attacker can issue remote commands to the PC, upload data from the machine, download new components and generally do what he wants with it.Uses The traditional and most common use for botnets is in DDoS attacks. These attacks rely on the computing power and bandwidth of hundreds or thousands of PCs to send huge amounts of traffic at a specific Web site in an effort to knock the site offline. There are many different flavors of DDoS attacks, but the goal is the same: preventing the target site from operating. Attackers used to employ this tactic as a way to knock their rivals’ sites offline, but they then began turning it on Web portals such as Yahoo and MSN, shopping and banking sites and government sites. Groups such as Anonymous, LulzSec and others recently have used DDoS attacks against defense companies, banks and other organizations. Meanwhile, cybercriminals have taken to using DDoS attacks against banking sites as a way to disguise deeper attacks on those banks. Botnets also are used in a number of other operations. Spammers employ botnets to send out millions of junk email messages from the infected PCs and cybercriminals use them in large-scale credit-card fraud operations. – Advertisement – Defenses There are a number of defenses against the DDoS attacks that botnets are used for, but nearly all of them are on the ISP or server level. For users, the defense against becoming part of a botnet is to keep all of the software on their machines patched and up-to-date and to resist clicking on suspicious links. Attackers rely on the gullibility of users to open malicious attachments or click on shady links in order to get their malware onto new PCs. Removing that from the equation makes it far more difficult for attackers to build and use botnets.Credit: kaspersky daily